The majority of Europe (especially France and Britain) and America were angry towards Germany for the war, and therefore created the Treaty of Versailles. The main points of the treaty blamed Germany for the war (article 231), made Germany harshly cut down their military forces, forced Germany give much of their land to different countries and finally Germany had to pay Â£6,600 million in reparations. Woodrow Wilson created the fourteen points to stop himself and America from getting into war again. The fourteenth point was to create a League of Nations to stop future wars. Any aggressive countries would be sanctioned by all the League's members and would be attacked as a last resort.
Thus, the story goes, that the Treaty of Versailles made Hitler’s rise to power, and his starting of WWII, inevitable. However, this mode of explanation is a deeply flawed oversimplification. The Treaty of Versailles did not make WWII inevitable because the independent forces of the Great Depression and Japanese expansion also played key roles, and because nationalism was most likely to arise in Germany even if there were less harsh terms to the treaty. The Great Depression was among the most important factors in creating the climate that allowed for Hitler’s rise to power, and his eventual beginning of World War II. The Great Depression, in addition to losing World War I, created a German populace that was humiliated.
Also, the entire League had to agree on a topic. Another reason that WWII was started by the League of Nations is because the League had no way of enforcing their power. The League had no army; therefore they were not able to protect themselves and were also not able to enforce the rules they all agreed on. Therefore, in Germany’s eyes, the League of Nations was not even a threat to her bigger plan. Although the Leagu... ... middle of paper ... ...urope’s Allied Forces’ problems.
Britain's Reasons For Going to War in 1939 In 1939, Britain declared war on Nazi Germany. There were of course many different reasons for this, both in the long term and in the short term. In the long term, The Treaty of Versailles, signed at the end of World War One had succeeded only in angering Germany, as it made her feel weak and powerless, in addition to economically ruining her with the expense of rearmament. This allowed the rise of Hitler and therefore Nazism in Germany as a solution to the problems, without which the Second World War would almost certainly have been avoided. Secondly, Britain had not been strong enough to prevent this rise of Hitler, or to prevent him taking over Europe.
Challenge to Versailles Between 1933-36 was a Reaction to Events Rather than a Consequence of Ideology Plan Ä Versailles: how it affected Germany Ä What was his ideology Ä Appeasement: what it was, why did they follow it, how did Hitler take his chance? Ä What happened between 33-36 Ä Opportunist or planned? The treaty of Versailles had made a massive impact on Germanys military and economic resources. Germany was hit hard and forced to also sign the War Guilt Clause. Most Germans hated Versailles, as the country became weak and useless, many people thought it should be overturned however, nobody had the power to do it and nobody wanted to risk war.
Primarily, when Adolf Hitler rose to power, he transformed... ... middle of paper ... ...ever, the United States gradually shed its isolationist beliefs in the wake of Hitler’s power. This was primarily done so through the repealing of the Neutrality Acts and implementation of the Lend-Lease Act. The primary causes to this shedding of isolationism were attributable to Hitler’s conquest of Europe and the fear that he would “cross the pond” and attack the United States. The United States had been influenced that the future of the world was based upon their entanglement in World War II. Many believed that the supplies the U.S. would provide would make a huge difference in swaying the war and resulting in an Allied victory.
Instead, it placed a “war guilt” blame on Germany, which prevented a long-lasting peace and enraged the German people. "No postwar German government believed it could accept such a burden on future generations and survive …" (Paxton 153) Germany was forced to pay heavy reparations and encounter hyper-inflation. Adolf Hitler attempted a coup d’état against the republic, to establish a Putsch similar to Mussolini's. ("Beer Hall Putsch (Munich Putsch). ")Although he failed, Hitler was then recognised as a national hero, whom gained public support from Germany.
This brought forward feelings of fear, anger and insecurity towards the Weimar Republic. Hitler built on these feelings and offered the secure and promising alternative of the extremist nazi party. Although there were many factors that contributed to the rise of Hitler and the collapse of the Weimar republic, Hitler’s ability to build upon people’s frustrated view of the hatred of the treaty of Versailles and the circumstances it placed upon the German nation, was the fundamental reason for Hitler’s rise to power and the Weimar Republic to collapse The Treaty of Versailles, signed by the Weimar Republic at the conclusion of WW1, introduced economic insatiability and caused a profusion of hardship. The idea of resorting to an extremist group promising better alternatives became an attractive option to many Germans. The Treaty of Versailles’ vindictive terms and unreasonable reparations (6,600,000,000 pounds) resulted in undesired economic circumstances.
Hitler also ignored many of the agreements under the Treaty of Versailles, and begun breaking the treaty more and more up until the start of World War II. Unfortunately he couldn’t be stopped, a policy of “Appeasement” from the League of Nations allowed Germany to build an army and begin the annexation of its European neighbors. This policy of appeasement was accompany by the belief that collective security would pull through. If all the nations banded together and declared collective security, no other country would dare attack. Unfortunately when Germany and her allies did attack, collective security proved useless.
Unfortunately, the League proved ineffective, which prompted leaders such as Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler to take aggressive action against their enemies. In 1936, civil unrest in Spain erupted into a war that further encouraged the beginning of WWII. Countries such as Germany, Italy and USSR lent their support without hesitation, whereas Britain, France and the US did not. This gave Germany and the USSR the impression that Britain and France were weak militarily and could be easily subdued. To many, this war was considered a training ground for Germany to test military tactics that would be used in WWII.