Nevertheless, men strive to know” (Du Bois Page) as W.E.B. Du Bois said. This quote explains how Du Bois felt about education, he thought education would put him at the top because the whites would fear the knowledge of educated African Americans. His main focus when writing was racial discrimination and the advancement of black people. His work was very broad and he combines history with proposals on how to change, like in this work “The Souls of Black Folks.” This is just a collection of autobiographies on the African American life.
He believed that in order to become equals, the black community needed to climb to the level of whites. To do so blacks would need to be educated and to get involved in practical occupations. Washington believed that education was the key to Black economic success, thus his intended Faustian Bargain. He argued that giving up civil rights, higher education, and political rights, blacks would be given an economic opportunity. Washington suggested such a bargain, because he believed that races needed to start at the bottom, and work their way up gradually, as he states, “I have learned that success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome while trying to succeed.” (xroads.virginia.edu).
Washington had different points of finding a way to gain equal rights for the African- Americans; both dedicated their lives to the same goals. However, Du Bois had more reasonable reasons in his proposition for the advancement of African- Americans. He aimed for success, the success that African Americans deserved and no longer accepted being treated lower. Du Bois stated that intelligence is the key, no matter what “Education must not simply teach work – it must teach life” (the talented tenth). Both backgrounds strongly influenced the way they attacked the “Negro
The first argument Booker T. Washington makes is that blacks should seek an education that provides them with the opportunity to gain employment by meeting the sp... ... middle of paper ... ...ed from the institution through manual labor. Washington successfully makes his point that manual labor and industrial education could lead to the advancement of the black race following slavery. Although the author provides many personal accounts of success among the black race, the macro view of the Southern perception of blacks are not examined in his work. However, the work provides an excellent source of reference to one of the two sides of the black education discussion during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century. The author in his work, Up from Slavery, successfully conveys his beliefs that blacks should prepare themselves for the real-world experiences they would face through an industrial education.
Du Bois were significant influential black leaders of their time, who changed the role of the black community in America. Booker T. Washington’s ideologies for economic advancement and self-help played a major role in his approach to fight for equal rights. By founding the Tuskegee Institute in Mound Bayou, he created a university that was segregated for black students and encouraged higher educational standards (Meier 396). These students were also encouraged to follow the social system of segregation in order to achieve political status in the United States. In an interview with reporter Ralph McGill, Du Bois recalls that in the process of obtaining funds for the Tuskegee Institute “Washington would promise [white philanthropists] happy contented labor for their new enterprises.
“It should come as no surprise that Washington’s historical conflict culminated as a struggle between him and DuBois” (Gibson III 66). To say the least, both men were very active in the upbringing of African-Americans, but their differences in displaying out the solution was what brought them apart. Washington wanted the education system to enforce industrial teachings that started at lower economic power, while DuBois had more abstract ideas of equality and voting for African-Americans. Washington was conservative in the matter of African-American inclusion into society, hoping that given enough time and progress, people would learn to accept them, rather than fight for social power like what DuBois stood for. Despite Washington’s program that appealed to White-Americans, he was involved in politics and spoke about the disfranchisement of African-Americans.
The scholar and leader for the black community wrote a discussion in 1903 with the title of, “Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others.” Both Washington and Du Bois were leaders of the black community in the 19th and 20th century, even though they both wanted to see the same outcome for black Americans. They both ultimately had opposing thoughts on how to achieve social and economic advancement for the black community. Looking back on history, W.E.B Du Bois was correct in racial equality would only be achieved through politics and higher education of the African American youth. Throughout his essay, Du Bois challenged the policies written by Mr. Washington for the progression and adaptation to advance racial equality. In this article Du Bois discusses many issues he believes he sees in Booker T. Washington 's theories.
This is why ... ... middle of paper ... ... same thing for blacks, first-class citizenship, but their methods for obtaining it differed. Because of the interest in immediate goals contained in Washington’s economic approach, whites did not realize that he anticipated the complete acceptance and integration of Negroes into American life. He believed blacks, starting with so little, would have to begin at the bottom and work up gradually to achieve positions of power and responsibility before they could demand equal citizenship—even if it meant temporarily assuming a position of inferiority. DuBois understood Washington’s program, but believed that it was not the solution to the “race problem.” Blacks should study the liberal arts, and have the same rights as white citizens. Blacks, DuBois believed, should not have to sacrifice their constitutional rights in order to achieve a status that was already guaranteed.
(Paschal 154) DuBois believed that assimilation was the best means of treating discrimination against blacks in the 1920 's. Education was a key to a diverse and cultural society. DuBois being a well-respected intellectual and leader, worked to reach goals of education and peaceful resolutions between the races and classes. DuBois felt that the black leadership, of Booker T. Washington, was too submissive. Washington wanted black to try and get along with society "trying to fit in".
On the other hand, Du Bois’s weakness was that his approach came off as aggressive. He felt that blacks should not wait to be told their rights and that it’s something they deserve. He believed that blacks do not have to show that they are/can be useful in the society. In conclusion, although both men did not work through the same system of approach, they involvement and commitment had a great impact on freedom of blacks. Booker T Washington started with short term reward, which was African Americans fighting their way up whereas Du Bois was more focused on the long term reward which is encouraging education.