He began to make fun of society when he talks about the mother of Candide; she refused to marry his father because he lacked the family lineage. In another scene, when the brother of Cunégonde refuses to allow his sister to marry Candide, as they were of the nobility they were too proud to allow his sister to marry even a privileged commoner. What Voltaire mocked in society is the importance of position in society, that in order to be happy one should be rich and in a good position. Topics of interest that we did not discuss in detail are the gender roles and the xenophobia that exist in Voltaire's Candide. In Voltaire's "Candide", the female characters accentuate the exploitation of women in Voltaire's Europe.
The angry and easily manipulated peasants, who were used by the bourgeoisie for their own benefit were another significant change, and finally the decline of the traditional monarchy, that for so long had ruled, were all factors to the main point that the French Revolution was caused by a political base, with social disorder and economic instability contributing to the upheaval. All of the sub-factors relate with one-another, but are separate in their own ways. For centuries, the French noble was well set in society. He found prosperity and security in the old regime, and all he had to do was pay homage to the king, and provide the king with his services. This all came to a gradual stop, however beginning with the loss of the noble's power over their own land at the hands of Louis XIV.1 This was the foundation of the revolte nobiliaire in the fact that it formed a basis of mistrust, and anger for the monarch.2 In that time the feudal system was still being practiced, so social status was based on the amount of land you could attain.
The old woman’s story exposes the fact that the Pope has a daughter, while he is supposed to be celibate. In addition, the friar possesses a prostitute, and prostitution is a sin against the religion to which he belongs. The prostitute with which the friar is with must pretend to be happy in order to please him. “‘Ah! sir,’ answered Paquette, ‘this is one of the miseries of the trade.
In the later Annals, Tacitus expressed displeasure when Nero 'forces him to commit suicide.' Out of all the characters Tacitus has shown the reader that Corbulo is the one who he feels should have been emperor. Overall, my impression of Tacitus is one who has had his views tainted and distorted by tyrannical rulers and unjust emperors. He heavily criticises Nero for his extravangance and habits, but especially for his short - sightedness. The omens, his hatred of megalomaniac women like Poppaea and his brilliant creation of speeches (Agrippina's death) all contribute to his unique narrative style.
When they were killed, they were both king, and therefore the right-hand man of God, the creator, who controls the entire world and who could have stopped them from being killed. In Richard II, Richard bankrupts the country with his blatant mismanagement and his excessive spending on his 'favourites', who are already rich aristocrats, while ignoring the common people who are living in poverty. Richard's behaviour leads to both the aristocracy and the common people disliking him. The aristocrats disliked him because he was bankrupting the country, which they did not like because they were proud to be English and wanted their country to dominate for many more years. The common people disliked Richard because they were living in poverty while Richard was spending huge amounts of money on people who were already wealthy.
You will ask me: "Why have them at all?" (Shaw). This is the reason he made the Catholic Church the antagonist in “Saint Joan. Shaw is trying to show how hypocritical the Catholic Church is being in his play. The church claims to be making things better for Joan but instead they are condemning her to a horrible imprisonment and death.
He lies to his father about how he came into possession of the letter: “It was not brought me, my Lord; t... ... middle of paper ... ...r is working with the French as a spy. Cornwall is pressured by his wife Reagan and the disturbing accounts of Edmund to punish Gloucester as they see fit. Cornwall’s final action is the removal of Gloucester’s eyes as punishment for helping Lear and conspiring with the French. Cornwall’s role in the play is vital as he is a tool in the plot of Edmund, and his death becomes fuel for the conflict between Goneril and Reagan. In conclusion, the social hierarchy in King Lear is one that values land and royalty by marriage.
On Wolsey’s rise he created enemies, which lead to the lack of support and opposition in his years as Chancellor. But it can also be viewed, on the other hand, that Wolsey wasn’t entirely responsible for his downfall. His downfall can be laid upon Henry VIII; his court known as the ‘lions court’. David Starkey believes the ‘Boleyn Faction’ was a cause to Henry’s downfall; Anne disliked Wolsey and wanted him removed. Wolsey having bad press from the start, nobility were jealous of his power and wealth.
Likewise, one such example of the corruption the Church influenced on medieval society is The Pardoner. This man is portrayed as being a greedy fellow who uses the word of god to get a hold of other people’s money. He goes from town to town and robs people’s money in one of the most deceitful ways possible. The pardoner even tells them at first but they forget this warning later: ‘But let me briefly make my purpose plain; I preach for nothing but for greed or gain ……………………………………………. I make my living out of—avarice.
He criticizes the Old Regime and the monarchy in his book “The Second Discourse on The Origins of the Inequality “he argued that the tyrant monarch could be turned out because of his subjects. In his “Social contract “ book, he developed the idea that people have their sovereignty to the king. Rousseau’s writings had shaped the political thinking of Maximilien Robespierre, member of the Estates General and the Jacobin Club. James Miller, American literary critic emphasizes that Rousseau’s ideas had a concept of democracy. The ground for the upcoming revolution, bourgeoisie were inspired by Enlightenment thinkers such as Burke and Tocqueville – the ones who saw the weakness of the “old regime”.