Memory can be defined as the mental system for receiving, encoding, storing, organising, altering and retrieving information (Coon & Mitterer, 2012). Many a time one is able to remember something, example how to drive a car, yet they are unable to remember a mathematical formula for an examination. People vary in their ability to remember certain things, and research conducted has proven that even infants differ in their memory abilities (Fagan & Singer, 1963). It was discovered by psychologists that memory is not static, but rather it is influenced by ones internal factors and situational happenings to a large effect (Huffman, Vernoy & Vernoy, 1997). This essay will attempt to discover which method of study is most suitable, by listing and explaining various memory strategies, as well as indicating how each method will improve memory efficiency. The process of memory is made up of three operations. The first being Encoding, this is the conversion of information into a form which enables it to be retained in memory (Coon & Mitterer, 2012). The second operation is called Storage, this is the keeping of information until it is later needed. The third and final operation is known as Retrieval, and this is the recovering of information from Storage (Hoeksema, Fredrickson, Loftus & Wagenaar, 2009). These formerly mentioned operations each represent a stage in the process of memory (Sternberg & Sternberg, 2012).
Is there an effect on using mnemonic memory or note organization on learning and memorizing medical terminology for high school students in Arabic schools who are transferring to English speaking Medical schools? The question rises from the fact that many students come to medical schools without learning the correct English terminology for certain classes. Hence it is important for them to be able to learn these medical terms. The previous articles do not highlight the importance of scientific terms as they only focus on common English vocabulary words. Furthermore, they do not use the mnemonic devices of note organization, as this is more applicable to my experiment in learning scientific vocabulary. The experiment will target those students who are entering the first year of their university similar to the experiment of Fatima Azimi Amoli and Alireza Karbalaei. The students will be split into two groups. One group will focus on using memory devices in order to develop their scientific vocabulary while the other group will use the note organization device to aid their scientific vocabulary. An exam will be given after a few weeks to analyze which mnemonic device was better for the students. It will create a better understanding of which device can actually aid students in order to ease their transition into medical school. The hypothesis in this experiment will be that students using note
This essay aims to discuss how one can develop effective study skills through various techniques used in the encoding, storage and retrieval stages of the memory. The essay will first provide an insight as to how the memory functions. Secondly it will discuss the following techniques: elaborative rehearsal, mnemonics and retrieval methods and also providing evidence from researches done. Lastly it will discuss the following techniques; state dependant learning and interference as to how one can avoid any retrieval failures.
This study used 40 academic staff at Anadolu University who were getting an intensive English course in order to take a proficiency exam. In addition, two intermediate-level classes were also used. There was an experimental group and a control group. The subjects were not assigned randomly. Each group had 20 examinees. The experimental group received visual stimuli and keywords, but the control groups only received vocabulary in a list form, and were asked to memorize them. Results from this research indicate that the keyword method is proved to be effective in recalling and comprehension performance. The findings also indicate this method is an effective method that is used to improve students’ vocabulary recall and
Altogether this study has helped us learn more about the brain and memory. Learning is measured thorough when a student can reiterate the right answer to a question. In this study, students in one conditions learned forging language vocabulary words in standard example of recurrent study exam trials. In three other conditions, once a student had correctly formed the language item, it was constantly studied but dropped from further testing. Repeatedly tested but dropped from the further study or just dropped from both the study and also the test. The results reveal the critical part of retrieval practice in combining education and shows that even college students seem naive of the fact.
Miller, T. P, & Faigley, L. (1982). College English. National Council of teachers of English, 44(6). Retrieved from http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0010-