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Vocabulary: 1. Amendment: Written change in the Constitution. 2. Balanced Budget: Budget in which income equals expenses. 3. Birthrate: Number of births per 1,000 persons during one year. 4. Block Grant: Federal funds given to state and local governments for broad purposes. 5. Brown v. Board of Education: Concerned eight-year-old Linda Brown, a black girl living in Topeka, Kansas. The school only five blocks from Linda’s home was for whites only. 6. City: Largest type of municipality. 7. Commander-In-Chief: Role of the President as head of the armed forces. 8. Concurring Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who agrees with the majority but for different reasons. 9. Counties: Subdivision of state government formed to carry out state laws, collect taxes, and supervise elections. 10. Debt Limit: Limit on the amount of money a government may borrow. 11. Delegated Powers: Power given to the federal government by the Constitution. 12. Dissenting Opinion: Statement written by a Supreme Court Justice who disagrees with the majority decision. 13. Double Jeopardy: Being tried a second time for the same crime. 14. Draft: Policy requiring men to serve in the military. 15. Due Process: Right of all people to a fair trial. 16. Electoral College: Group of people who cast the official votes that elect the President and Vice President. 17. Filibuster: Method of delaying action in the Senate by making long speeches. 18. General Election: Election in which the voters elect our leaders. 19. Glittering Generalities: Method uses words that sound good but have little real meaning. 20. Home Rule: Power of a city to write its own municipal charter and to manage its own affairs. 21. Immigrant: Person who comes to a nation to settle as a permanent resident. 22. Implied Power: Authority not specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution but which is suggested to be necessary to carry out the specific powers. 23. Interest: Payment made for the use of loaned money. 24. Interest Group: Organization of people with common interests who try to influence government policies and decisions. 25. Lobbyist: Person paid to represent an interest group’s viewpoint at congressional committee hearings and who tries to influence the votes of Congress members. 26. Marbury v. Madison: The case involved William Marbury, who had been promised appointment as a justice of the peace, and Secretary of State James Madison. 27. Major-Council Plan: System of local government in which voters elect a city council to make laws and a major to carry out laws. 28. Misdemeanor: Less serious crime, such as a traffic violation. 29. Personal Income Tax: Tax on the income a person earns. 30. Plank: Each part of a political party’s platform. 31. Political Action Committee: Political arm of a interest group that collects voluntary contributions from members and contributes it to political candidates and parties it favors.
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