Deficiency of vitamin B12 raises the level of homocysteine in the body which in turn has a negative effect on brain function, memory and ability to think. Homocysteine decreases acetylcholine, a vital brain chemical that acts as a messenger and assists in carrying signals to other cells. Imbalances in acetylcholine lowers the ability to form memories. Vitamin B12 further helps in the development and maintenance of brain cells. Eating rich sources of this water-soluble vitamin also improves concentration, memory, learning and reasoning.
OCD impacts the communication systems in the brain and according to the National Alliance of Mental Illness, it produces a chemical imbalance in the brain wherein low levels of serotonin have been recorded. Serotonin plays an essential role in mood regulation, learning, calmness, and sleep. Several medications can help in behavioral therapy for OCD since it is known to be incurable. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRIs helps in raising the serotonin levels in the brain leading to reduced OCD symptoms. Nutritional Therapy A nutritious diet may not prevent the OCD’s onset, but it can assists in managing the symptoms with the help of medications, supplements, and mental health therapy.
Scurvy harms the gums, mucous membranes, and the skin. Another well-known vitamin and is also used to commercial to give more information about this beverage is the vitamin in milk. The vitamin in milk is vitamin D. If you do not drink milk and obtain this vitamin, your bones and teeth will become soft and weak. Lacking one or more of the 13 well-identified vitamins will cause sickness and weakness to your body. Secondly, nutrients are how the body assimilates certain compounds.
This means that every type of vitamin refers to a certain number of vitamer compounds that shows the biological activity that is associated with a particular vitamin. Vitamers are convertible to the active form of vitamin in the body and are also usually inter-convertible to one another. Vitamins have different biochemical functions and this includes hormone-like functions as mineral metabolism regulators (vitamin D) and regulators of cell and tissue differentiation and growth (vitamin A). Some vitamins function as antioxidants like vitamin E and vitamin C in most cases. The B complex vitamins, which are the largest number of vitamins, function as precursors for enzyme cofactors, which gives aid to enzymes in their work as metabolism’s catalysts.
Besides that, vitamin A helps the formation of mucopolysaccharide sulphates which used for cell adhesion, regulation of cell growth and developmental processes (Wolf & Varandani, 1960). Earl (1933) has mentioned that vitamin A is one of the vitamins that help in growth, repairs of body tissues, bone formation and formation of healthy skin and hair. For further information, vitamin A also participates in the synthesis of sex steroids that essential for skeletal development and the maintenance of bone health throughout adult life (Compston, 2001).Vitamin A also play a role at the level of the cellular membrane. There a... ... middle of paper ... ...thesis a family of compound called menaquinones (vitaminK_2). People who do not eat them regularly are likely to be deficient in their intake of vitamin K. Well, it can be prevented by consuming a proper diet.
Diabetes insipidus is identified by excretion of large volume of dilute urine, triggered by many defects and falling into two groups: Central diabetes insipidus and Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. (Makaryus, 2006) Central diabetes insipidus is known for the reduction of secretion of antidiuretic hormone and generally triggered due to the damage of the hypothalamus or the pituitary gland. (Khardori. R, 2014) It is generally caused by surgery, a tumor or head injury, affecting ADH production, storage and release. (Nordqvist, 2010) Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is known for reducing the ability to concentrate the urine due to the resistance to ADH action in the kidney.
Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a rare organic aciduria. It is caused by deficiency of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase; a key enzyme in the metabolism of lysine, hydroxylisine and tryptophan. Patients can suffer selective striatal degeneration that presents as motor delay, dystonia or acute motor regression during infancy. The symptoms are due to the accumulation of toxic metabolites and can be precipitated by periods of acute illness, infectious disease, immunizations and surgery. Management of GA1 relies on preemptive diagnosis followed by protein restriction, sustained carbohydrate intake during illness and promoting renal clearance of organic acids.
When your body has a low supply level of B12, it can cause damage to your nerves and brain. If this vitamin deficiency continues for any length of time, the damage may become severe. Some of the usual symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency are fatigue, headaches, depression, weakness, memory problems, rapid heartbeat, tiredness, excessive sweating, the loss of skin tone, and the loss of healthy red blood cells. Vitamin B12 deficiency can be caused by a number of different medical ailments and internal concerns. Some concerns include allergies to certain vitamins, stomach problems, bad reactions with certain medicines, low levels of B12 protein in your stomach, and kidney or liver problems.
Diabetes can cause different types of problems depending on which types of diabetes they have. For Type I diabetes, two problems may occur: ketoacidosis, and hyperglycemia. In ketoacidosis, your body produces ketones. This occurs when your blood glucose level increases too high. The productions of ketones have its unpleasant results.
Another example of deficiency disease’s associated with malnutrition are the by factors that are caused as a result of poor absorption of the vitamin B complex. The vitamin B complex consists of several parts, all of which are absorbed for individual purposes in the body. For example; anaemia is a deficiency caused as a result of not enough iron or vitamin B12 (part of the B vitamin complex) being absorbed by the body. Iron or B12 is the anti-anaemic substance required for the formation of healthy blood cells to transport oxygen around the body efficiently (Watson,