According to Morrison and Furlong, normative ethics discovers what is right and wrong and guides decision making for all situations in many areas including health care. A normative ethical theory that this research will discuss is virtue ethics in the American health care system. The purpose of this research is to develop potential for excellence and to find the highest good for humans by doing what is right short-term, long-term, and to compete globally (Morrison & Furlong, 2013). Giving certain situations each theory can provide tools to assist in decision-making but virtue ethics concentrates on excellence and perfection.
1. Identify the main pros and cons of a virtue ethics approach? The virtue ethics approach is a theory that suggests that people are judged via their character, not specific actions. An individual who has developed good character traits (virtues) is judged as a morally good person.
The Ideas of Virtue Ethics In an attempt to revive the ideas of virtue ethics, many philosophers have expressed their criticisms of so-called "modern ethical theories. " Some examples are as follows. Pincoffs presents his idea that modern ethical theory (MET) reduces ethics to resolution of quandaries. Williams explains his idea that MET focuses on only a particular, peculiar variety of ethical thought called "morality."
Midterm: Virtue Ethics In the present world we’re often taught key principles in order to live a flourishing life. Young children especially are often reared in school to become successful, and be the best they can be; and be a good person. We pose the question what does it mean to be a good person? According to Jacques Thiroux & Keith Krasemann mentions, when individuals apply these virtuous behaviors into their daily lives it promotes a decent human being (Thiroux & Krasemann, pg 78).
I grew up as an Asian in a western society and both have influenced my ethics, virtues and morals heavily. Growing up in a diverse culture and mix of communities has caused me to stop and think about what I see, hear and experienced all the time. It is very hard to pick out one specific school of ethical philosophy as I have observed that real life is more complicated then rigid rules and thinking, every situation has to be evaluated according to that moment in time and factors in play. Reading all the material I also get a sense that philosophers are still trying to come out with better theories and have yet come to an agreement on which is the best one to describe ethics and virtues of human beings. From all the reading material this week, I picked “Virtue Ethical Theories” as the one I would like to talk about and explore more. Virtue Ethical Theories is divided into three main schools of thought which are: Eudemonism, agent-based theories and the ethics of care (Athanassoulis, n.d.).
Aristotle's virtue ethics argue that morality should be based on an individual’s ideal traits that are internalized as opposed to observing outward actions or the consequence of his/her behavior. Kant on the contrary argues that for an individual to be considered morally upright, then his/her actions should be based on duty. Mills maintains that if an action provides long-term pleasures to the majority, then it is morally upright.
Philosophies of the ethical theory are numerous but to begin the study of one particular ethical theory, we must understand what the concept of ethics means. The ethical theory focuses on standards of right and wrong that help determine what why one should do not based on laws, feelings, religion, culture or science, but upon what is the right thing in a given situation (Velasquez et al., 2015). To further this investigation looking at ethics from a Christian worldview Rae (2013) defines ethics as “primarily the task of discerning, or discovering, right and wrong both from God’s word in God’s world” (P. 55). Therefore, discussion and investigation of Aristotle’s ethical theory Virtue Ethics will commence.
The term "virtue" has traditionally been used to designate morally good character traits such as benevolence, charity, honesty, wisdom, and honor. Although ethicists, past and present, do ...
Hursthouse, R. (2003, July 18). Virtue Ethics. Stanford University. Retrieved March 6, 2014, from http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2013/entries/ethics-virtue