Before 1700, Great Britain had limited interest in American colonization. Virginia was the first territory in America to be claimed by the British. In the 1550’s, the island of Newfoundland was chartered as a colony. Sir Walter Raleigh founded the first settlement on Roanoke Island. He claimed in the queen’s honor the majority of North America, and named this region after Queen Elizabeth, “The Virgin Queen.” The queen considered the Roanoke colony largely a failure and refused to invest more into the colony. King James I, the successor to Queen Elizabeth, established two companies in in Virginia in 1607, each with large claims to the eastern coast. The Virginia Companies as they were called, were limited to the Atlantic coast and extended inland for 100 miles. “The Virginia Company of London was granted a southern tract from Cape Fear to Long Island Sound… The Virginia Company of Plymouth was granted a northern tract extending from Assateague Island to Passamaquoddy Bay, Maine”
The colony of Chesapeake had begun with the first establishment of the English colony of Jamestown in the year 1607. The English immigrants who had established Jamestown were indentured servants, who agreed to work for an English company with the purpose of gaining passage to the New World. The colony of New England was also established similar to the colony of Chesapeake due to the fact that English immigrants seemed to escape life in England for a more free and un-ruled life in the New World. The Middle Colonies consisted of a variety of different European natives. The Carolinas was kept under the brutal rule of the British empire of that time.
Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay area, was not interested in long-term colonization in America. Most emigrants bound for Virginia were young males, only a handful of women came across the Atlantic to the Chesapeake colonies. At this time, men out numbered women 5 to 1, later this ratio only reached 5 to 2. Because of the shortage of women, 70% of Chesapeake men never married. Thus not producing any children to add to the colony’s population. In 1607 the English were originally looking for gold, and silver, they also wished to find the cure for syphilis and the western passage to India. After additional people had arrived in 1609, nearly 80% of Jamestown’s population had died. John Smith referred to Jamestown as “a misery, a ruin, a death, a hell,” then the colony started producing and exporting tobacco. King James’ comment to this was, “no one can build a colony on smoke,” but Jamestown did. In 1640, Jamestown began to export three million pounds of tobacc...
The Chesapeake region and New England colonies greatly differed in their development of their two distinct societies. The Chesapeake region was a loosely fitted society with little connection with each plantation while the New England colonies had tightly knitted communities with a sort of town pride. The difference in unity and the reason for this difference best explain the significant disparity between the dissimilar societies.
Throughout the late 16th century and into the 17th century two colonies appeared from England. In search of glory, gold, and God (religious freedom), England started to discover and surmount North America. The two colonies were called the Chesapeake and the New England colonies. Although the areas were governed by the English, the settlements had similar potential as well as different. The Chesapeake and England colonies cultivated into visibly different establishments. The difference was the colonial motive, religion, political structure, socio-economic, and race relation, these are what were accountable for creating these territories. In the Chesapeake, the motivation for colonization was mainly due to the economic issue that the colony was
In the period between the parts of 17th century and 18th century, in which most of the European countries were so anxious to proceed in their present condition of colonizing states inside the recently discovered Americas. One specific European country that had an mapped out system that unmistakably conveyed many gatherings to a large portion of the parts of eastern drift particularly two sections known as Chesapeake and New England. It is important that there was a scramble and a surge in an offer to vanquish whatever number countries as could reasonably be expected because of the advantages that would bring about the procedure. Accordingly in the late 1700's the two countries that were vanquished by England later signed up to be one country.The distinctions that existed between these two countries really show the principle motivation behind why England chose to colonize
Although the English were slow in traveling into the New World while the Spanish and French were busy traveling abroad, the English had a significant influence on what is now the American colonies. England was able to succeed in the New World through long termed colonization, the growth of substantial economies, and the utilization of agricultural resources. The English’s change in desire to travel abroad and the colonization that led to the founding of English America during the late 16th and early 17th century was impacted by the English’s yearning to transition their religious, economic, and social way of life and the founding of English America in their efforts to colonize Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth.
In the early 17th century, the English swiftly colonized the New World. This act encouraged Englishmen to explore and learn more about the newly claimed area. In groups, many people set off abroad to the east coast residing in two regions, being either the Chesapeake or New England area. As people began to settle, the differences of the two colonies started to emerge. Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by people of English origin, the two evolved into distinct colonies because of their many differences.
Without a profitable export such as sugar or tobacco, New Englanders turned to fishing and lumber for products. On the contrary, the economy concentrated on family ranches supplying food for their own needs and a small commercial surplus. The government of Massachusetts mirrored the Puritans’ spiritual and social idea. Longing to govern the colony without foreign intrusion and to avoid non-Puritans from manipulating decision making, the owners of the Massachusetts Bay Company traveled to America, taking the deed with them and converting a business document into a system of government. Initially, the eight shareholders selected the men who controlled the settlement. A cluster of deputies voted by freemen was adjoined to establish the General
Colonists from Britain settled in North America for various reasons. These reasons included the search of religious freedom or profiting. The British Crown granted charters to venturing proprietors or joint-stock companies. Upon arrival, English settlers encountered native populations and Spanish and French settlements. After the failed colony of Ranoke and the challenges faced in Jamestown, in 1620, another group of colonist set out to Jamestown armed with a land grant from the Virginia Company. But due to an error in navigation they landed in Massachusetts and settled in Plymouth. Since they had no authorization from the crown to settle at Plymouth, the Pilgrims established their own civil government. The Mayflower Compact
During colonial times, European nations quickly colonized the New World years after Columbus’ so called discovery. England in particular sent out a number of groups to the east coast of the New World to two regions. These areas were the New England and the Chesapeake regions. Later in the late 1700s, these two regions would go though many conflicts to come together as one nation. Yet, way before that would occur; these two areas developed into two distinct societies. These differences affected the colonies socially, economically, and politically.
Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, the English nation began colonizing a large part of the American East Coast. Even though the New England and Chesapeake regions were both settled by the English, the two regions developed differently due to the contrasting reasons for settlement. The settlers in the New England region sought out religious freedom opposed to pursuit for economic liberty in the Chesapeake region. The different reasons for settlement caused the two regions to have many unique variances and similarities in their religious beliefs, financial goals, and toleration.