AIDS constitutes one major health problem in prisons today. According to Lynn Goodnight, rape is a potential effect of overcrowding (56). Inmates that don’t practice safe sex cost the penal system millions a year in doctor bills. The grim reality of sexual relations between inmates brings forth problems. Inmates that have sex with each other often transmit diseases that turn many prison sentences into death sentences.
The riot lasted 36 hours, 33 inmates died, 200 were injured, 12 correctional officers were taken hostage and Resulted in 20 million dollars in physical damage. The riot was a result of the many changes in authority. “Turnover In the state 's top Corrections post occurred repeatedly, with 5 different heads of the Corrections Department between 1975 and 1980. ” (Colvin 1997) The study discusses how the prisoners in the riot attacked other prisoners but not the guards. This is because of the social culture of prison and the rules they create.
Camp Hill the day that lasted 72 hours On October 25, 1989 more than 1,300 inmates at the Camp Hill State Correctional Institution rioted. The rioters took at least 8 hostages, lighting 4 fires and caused millions of dollars in damage. More then 35 staff members, 5 inmates, 1 firefighter and 1 state trooper sustain injuries in the worst uprising in Pennsylvania history. Inmates returning from an exercise yard in the late afternoon overwhelmed correctional staff and seized hostages. Inmates were reportedly upset about overcrowding and suspended privileges.
Peter Mosko, “an assistant professor of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice at New York’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice” (Frazier) stated, “America, with 2.3 million people behind bars, has more prisoners than soldiers” (Frazier). There have been studies that have shown “there are more men and women in prison than ever before. The number of inmates grew by an average of 1,600 a week. The U. S. has the highest rate of crime in the world” (Clark). Because of this influx in inmates, many prisoners’ rights groups have filed lawsuits charging that “overcrowded prisons violate the Constitution’s 8th Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment” (Clark).
Overcrowding of prisons due to mass incarceration is among one of the biggest problems in America, mass incarceration has ruined many families and lives over the years.America has the highest prison population rate , over the past forty years from 1984 until 2014 that number has grown by four hundred percent .America has four percent of the world population ,but twenty-five percent of the world population of incarcerated people Forty one percent of American juveniles have been or going to be arrested before the age of 23. America has been experimenting with incarceration as a way of showing that they are tough on crime but it actually it just show that they are tough on criminals. imprisonment was put in place to punish, criminals, protect society and rehabilitate criminals for their return into the society . The United States has successfully did all the components of the ,except for rehabilitate, one of the main reason our prisons have such large populations because of the high recidivism rate, many convicts that is released from
The Criminal Justice system in the twenty first century is system that has collapsed and it is in mayor need of reforms that are going to fix many problems that we have to deal with and resolve. Prison overpopulation is one of the greatest problems that this nation needs to deal with because we have the highest incarceration in the whole world. Race has played a huge rule in the Criminal Justice system which has preyed on poor people of color. Reentry and recidivism has been a major contributor to our huge prison population that millions of people have fallen into. Our court system is in need to reform from its way that it prosecutes people and the laws that have mandated mandatory minimums for different type of crimes.
Gangs and Violence in the Prison System Introduction Gang violence is nationwide and is one of the most prominent problems in the prison system today. Gangs are known to attempt to control the prisons/jails, instill fear within the prison system and throughout the society, and bring negative attention to the system. “Gang affiliated inmates comprise about 18 percent of the 18000 inmate population.”(Seabrook) A growing numbers of inmates and a large amount of them serving longer sentences for violent crimes suggest a notable increase in gangs and violence in the prison system in the upcoming future. History “Prisons began to bulge with gang members when states enacted tougher laws for gang-related crime in the mid to late 1980s.”(Martinez) On one hand the laws enacted helped get gang members off the street, but in another way it backfired by not stopping the gangs’ activity. “In many ways their number and power grew even more in prison.”(Martinez) The problem of gangs and violence has been addressed many times throughout the years by the United States Correctional Board but the board has yet to take the problem seriously.
The American Criminal Justice System is one of the most dysfunctional systems in the world. One of the major issues they have with the system now is Women in the Criminal Justice System. Women are starting to get convicted more for former male-dominated crimes. According to sentencingproject.org, “the number of women incarcerated in a prison has doubled that of men since 1985. Women in prison face unique issues that men do not, and the increasing number of incarcerated women creates issues of medical and prenatal care for pregnant inmates for which legislators must somehow plan and make provision”.