Of course, that thought wouldn’t come easy to all, and a fight starts to break. With the U.S. nervous about the possible spread of communism to other countries surrounding and eventually making way to the Americas, the United States were soon involved in the Vietnam war that ended up lasting 16 years long. First, the French were ruling Indochina, what is now called Vietnam. Many Vietnamese wanted to part ways from the French’s ruling and to become a free country. Ho Chi Minh was a communist, Vietnamese leader who was ready to lead Johnson 2 Vietnam against Japan, French and Americans.
The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam in half, creating North and South Vietnam. It also stated that free elections had to be held to decide Vietnam’s fate. Except this was ignored, and South Vietnam announced themselves as ant-communist. This assured the United States support which would provide aid and protection from the communists in the North. South Vietnam’s new president was Ngo Dinh Diem.
Vietnam was later split into North and South Vietnam at the Geneva Conference which was originally designed to end the French/Vietnam war. Northern Vietnam was run by communists and supported by China and Russia. Southern Vietnam was then solely supported by the United States. The United States involved themselves in Vietnam for four main reasons: they wanted to contain communism, prevent the domino effect, support a very weak South Vietnam, and get retaliation for being attacked. After seeing China fall to communism in 1949, Lyndon Johnson did not want to watch the same thing happen in Vietnam.
Eisenhower, the president to follow Truman, had a difficult choice, but chose to avoid war at all costs. Thus, the French conceded to the Vietminh. Following the defeat of the French, a international conference of Geneva was held to halt fire and split up Vietnam. There was an election to come in 1956 that would establish a government to unite the Vietnam nation. Eisenhower avoided signing the Geneva Peace Accords; he believed that it would result in a domino theory and every co... ... middle of paper ... ...end North Vietnam won by invading the South and demanding the United States leave immediately.
During Kennedy’s campaign, the liberal party attempte... ... middle of paper ... ...Vietnam as recognized by the 1954 Geneva Agreements on Vietnam”, which was the original aim of the Vietcong all along, indirectly admitting US defeat. It stipulated that US and allied forces would be withdrawn from South Vietnam in 60 days. However the Thieu regime refused to accept communist participation in government and this began his own war with the North Vietnamese. American failure in Vietnam was a failure of egoistical values of a weakened nation acting with juvenile intentions. The loss of life could only be blamed on petty competition over international image on the United States’ part and by doing so the American government soiled their own.
Vietnam was part of the French empire. However, during World War 2 the Japanese took over .The Vietnamese communist movement Vietminh was formed to resist the Japanese. France tried to repossess Vietnam at the end of the war but the Vietminh fought back. With the United States lending its financial support to France, when the Japanese defeated France, the United States sent money and military consultants to the non-communist government of South Vietnam. ~ Other advisors however doubted that such an action could reverse the disastrous course of the war and warned the president that it could lead inevitably to deeper involvement in an Asian land war the United States couldn't win.
“In July 1965, Lyndon Johnson chose to Americanize the war in Vietnam.” Although Johnson chose to enter America into the war, there were events previous that caused America to enter and take over the war. The South Vietnamese were losing the war against Communism – giving Johnson all the more reason to enter the war, and allowing strong American forces to help stop communism. There were other contributing factors leading up to the entrance of the war; America helped assist the French in the war, Johnson’s politics, the Tonkin Gulf Incident, and the 1954 Geneva Conference. President Johnson stated, “For 10 years three American Presidents-President Eisenhower, President Kennedy, and your present President--and the American people have been actively concerned with threats to the peace and security of the peoples of southeast Asia from the Communist government of North Viet-Nam.” President Harry Truman authorized economic and military aid to the French who were fighting to regain control of Laos and Cambodia along with Vietnam. The United States refused to accept the agreement the French had made to the creation of communist Vietnam North and South.
Although this took place, America was reluctant to get involved and just felt sympathetic towards Ho Chi Minh, as he had fought for Vietnamese independence. It was a fight against greedy France. In 1949, the communists took over China and begun to help Ho Chi Minh. It became clear that Ho Chi Minh wanted a communist Vietnamese. America now thought that the Chinese communists were giving the Viet Minh instructions and faced a communist plan to dominate Asia.
The South Vietnam ruler was Ngo Dinh Diem who was anti-Communist. At the conference, Laos and Cambodia became independent states (johnson 34). North Vietnam wished to unify North and South Vietnam through military force. Since the United States feared the spread of communism in Asia, John F. Kennedy provided economic and military aid to South Vietnam to prevent the takeover by North Vietnam (bender 35). At this time, this was still a civil war and because this was a civil war the United States had no right to become officially involved, but at this point it did (mcleod 120-125).
France refused the declaration and returned to Vietnam, driving Ho’s forces into North Vietnam. In 1954 a cease fire was declared and Vietnam was officially divided in two, with the North ruled by Ho and communist forces, and the South under a French backed Emperor. The dividing line was the Seventeenth Parallel. Because of the domino theory, the theory that if Vietnam fell to communism it would spread to the rest of Southeast Asia, the USA began to support the anti-communist politician, Ngo Dinh Diem. With assistance from the USA, Diem took control of the South Vietnamese Government in 1955 and declared the republic of Vietnam.