This address by Johnson lays out many arguments for why the war in Vietnam is necessary; they are as follows: (a) the self-determination of nations; (b) aggressive forces; (c) communism as a menace to the world; (d) idea that everything operates like dominoes; (e) avoiding another Munich; (f) responsibility of the American people; (g) a “new deal” for third-world countries; (h) a better tomorrow for the world Scheer In this article Scheer explains why the US got involved in Vietnam. Three primary reasons were the imminent collapse of the French government, the success of the Viet Minh, and the instability of the puppet Diem regime. Duncan In this narrative, Duncan explains through various stories why he believes the war in Vietnam simply propaganda; he concludes his narrative by saying that it took him 10 years in the military to figure out that the government was feeding him lies.
What could men do against such reckless hate ? So what was the Vietnam war all about, and why did the United States feel they had to get involved ? President Harry Truman established a foreign policy doctrine commonly known as “Containment”. This new doctrine was intended to prevent the spread of Communism. The containment doctrine simply stated that any new communist government had to be either part of the “American empire” or the Soviet empire.
Robert S. McNamara, appointed by John F. Kennedy to the position of U.S. Secretary of Defense in 1961, said about the Vietnam War, “It is important to recognize it’s a South Vietnamese war. It will be won or lost depending upon what they do. We can advise and help, but they are responsible for the final results, and it remains to be seen how they will continue to conduct that war,'; (McNamara 72). Despite these guidelines for assisting in the war, the U.S. would end up doing much more than just advising. The Vietnam War was supposed to be a demonstration of how willing the U.S. was to battle communism, but ended up a personal vendetta against the North Vietnamese as the U.S. escalated its commitment in Vietnam infinitely greater than it had ever intended.
The political instability in Vietnam from 1950 to 1975 between the communist North Vietnam and anti-communist South Vietnam during the Cold War era has led to the United States’ inevitable intervention in Vietnam. The main motivators for the United States’ incremental decision to intervene and commitment in Vietnam can be viewed as an accumulation of socio-political, political and economic catalysts. In recognition that there were many other factors that may have contributed to the U.S’s involvement in the conflict in Vietnam, this essay will largely focus on these three factors. As the cold war resonates, the American’s crusade was propelled by the fears of the domino theory and perception of Communist threat and expansion affected the views of the public on a socio-political level. The American’s renege of 1954 Geneva Accords about Vietnam and its desire to further improve relations with the French acted as a political stimulant for US involvement.
America, from the onset of the war did not have any precise strategies to achieve their goals. Vietnamese leader, Diem noticed this stating, “It was as if the United States could never quiet decide what policy to pursue.” The official reason for US entry was to defeat the Communist threat. President Kennedy stated, “The enemy is the Communist system itself-implacable, insatiable, unceasing in its drive for world domination…” There were two significant faults with this objective. Firstly the Americans assumed that, without evidence, the Vietnamese people would be swung by the power of democracy. Secondly, disputes occurred between the major Communist nations during the Vietnam war: the Sino-Soviet split destroyed the idea of a unified world-wide takeover by Communist nations.
Was the Communist victory in Vietnam due more to the inherent weaknesses of the Saigon regime or strategic mistakes made by the United States? Discussion/Thesis: The Vietnam War provides us with a clear case of misperception and unclear objections. It is important to understand the root cause of the conflict and the nature of the protagonist. There were many missteps by both the United States and the Saigon regime, which the North Vietnamese capitalized on through the use of non-conventional means and the power of messaging. The conflict between the Communist north and newly installed Ngo Dihn Diem regime in Saigon boils down to two governments attempting to gain control of the their population.
During this time period, Ho Chi Minh was the leader of the communist government and with his tactics of guerilla warfare, he fought to keep Vietnam under his rule. Another cause leading to the war was when the French tried to reclaim the northern territory of Vietnam. As a result, Ho Chi Minh and the “Viet Minh”, which he calls his soldiers, plus the aid from communist China fought to keep Northern Vietnam under Minh’s rule. In the end, the French had to withdraw from the war in 1954, even with the aid from the United States, because there were too many casualties. At this point in time, Vietnam was divided into a North Vietnam lead by Ho Chi Minh and South Vietnam lead by President Ngo Diem Dinh.
Sukvasa (Bew) Kornniti Ms. April Slagle World History and Geography 2 7 March 2014 How did the US involvement in the Vietnam War Impacted the US Socially, Economically, and Globally? The Vietnam War was one of the most outrageous and long-drawn out wars in history. The other name for the Vietnam War was called Cold-Era proxy War. The war had been battled in order to stop the spread of invasion from communism in the southern parts of Vietnam. The American played the role of a supporter to the southern part of Vietnam, trying to prevent communist from approaching the southern part of Vietnam.
The Vietnamese Emperor, Bao Dai, neglected his duties and vacationed in France, forcing the United States to intervene in order to give the inexperienced emperor a chance to contain communism. With the growing communist threat in North Vietnam, the United States saw Bao Dai as “the defender of ‘democracy’ and ‘independent nationalism’” (Puppets). As a supporter of freedom and equality, the United States must do all that it can to contain communism─ which the United States saw as a type of dictat... ... middle of paper ... ...came a major threat, as he gained access to enough resources to create an army that could overthrow Diem’s government. Reacting to the declaration, the United States sent advisors to Vietnam to make sure that Diem’s government is impregnable to the communists. With the incapable Bao Dai and the obdurate Ngo Dinh Diem against the resourceful Ho Chi Minh, American intervention became mandatory in preventing the spread of communism.
Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy were both military men who rose to the presidency from vastly different backgrounds which influenced their approach to government and foreign policy. Those differences were reflected in their approach to U.S.-Soviet relations, the dominant foreign policy issue of the time. Both presidents vowed to stop the spread of communism, which was viewed as a direct assault to democracy, human rights, and capitalism. “President Eisenhower made the decision to intervene in southern Vietnam to replace the French and support the efforts of Ngo Dinh Diem to establish a non-Communist state in order to prevent the further spread of Communism in Indochina. President Kennedy escalated the American effort and inaugurated a small-scale secret U.S. war in South Vietnam”.