Teaching Children with Autism There has been an increase in the number of children diagnosed with autism or other autism spectrum disorders. It is likely as an educator that you will have at least one child with this diagnosis in your classroom. This paper explores some of the methods used to teach autistic children. Autism is a disorder characterized by significant problems in communication and social functioning. Autism is actually called Autism Spectrum Disorder and encompasses a broad range disabilities such as Asperger syndrome, Rett’s Syndrome, and Pervavasive Development Disorder (Dunlap & Fox, n.d.).
1. VIDEO SELF-MODELING AS AN INTERVENTION STRATEGY FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Gelbar, N. W., Anderson, C., McCarthy, S., & Buggey, T. (2012). Video Self-Modeling as an Intervention Strategy for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Psychology In The Schools, 49(1), 15-22. The following study explains how video self-modeling as an intervention can increase language, communication, social skills, and functional skills in children with Autism.
The recent rise in autism identification has caused many studies to be performed over various aspects of autism. Several studies have been performed over the emotional and mental state of children who have been diagnosed with autism, and they have had mixed results. Depending on how high functioning the child is in their autism, the results can vary depending on what study is given or what symptoms the child has. Of course, another factor to take into account is how the parent interacts with the child on a regular basis. In one study, parenting styles between parents with autistic children and parents with non-autistic children differed greatly in responses (Strid, 2013).
According to Boutot (2010), interacting with same-aged, typical peers, children with ASD (autism spectrum disorder) has been shown to improve their behaviors, communication and social skills, and play behaviors (p. 156). Many of these interactions will begin at a young age in a grade school classroom, or at home with their own parents. Many of the characteristics of ASD are the cause of peer rejection. Their social deficits stem from a lack of understanding the importance of social norms (Mazurik-Charles, 2010). Therefore, it is important for children with autism to have the opportunities they need to develop properly in order to succeed i... ... middle of paper ... ...(2007).
Mindy F.Levin (2011) Virtual Reality : Rehabilitation Application in Children with Disabilities. McGill. Richard, E., Billaudeau, V., Richard, P., Gaudin, G.(2007). Augmented Reality for Rehabilitation of Cognitive Disabled Children : A Priliminary Study, 102-108. Sanchez, J. H., & Flores, H. E. (2002).
Improving Social Initiations in Young Children with Autism Using Reinforcers with Embedded Social Interactions. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders, 39 (9). 1240-1251 Koegel, R. L., Shirotova L., Koegel L. K. (2009). Brief Report: Using Individualized Orienting Cues to Facilitate First-Word Acquisition in Non-Responders with Autism. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders, 39 (11).
The design of the autonomous virtual agent is based on participatory design workshops with practitioners and children along with the SCERTS framework. According to the article, the SCERTS framework is a well-established educational intervention approach aimed to support the social communication (SC) and emotional regulation (ER) of children with autism through appropriately designed transactional support (TS). The article went into great detail on the design of the artificial agent including the artificial intelligence capabilities of the software that enable the agent to work autonomously with the subject and modify its ... ... middle of paper ... ...tism spectrum disorders. Professionals and families of children with ASD have become more knowledgeable of the range of evidence-based practices. Professionals have had to choose and implement practices based on the child’s strengths, challenges and characteristics.
198-207. Laushey, K. M., Heflin, L .J., Shippen, M., Alberto, P. A., & Fredrick, L. (2009). Concept mastery routines to teach social skills to elementary children with high functioning autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(10), 1435-1448. doi: 10.1007/s10803-009-0757-9 Sancho, K., Sidener, T. M., Reeve, S. A., & Sidener, D. W. (2010). Two variations of video modeling interventions for teaching play skills to children with autism.
(Cooper, 1987) In short, ABA is the use of techniques and principles to bring about meaningful and positive change in behavior. ("Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)") People who can benefit from applied behavior analysis include students with learning disabilities and behavior problems, attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, or behavior problems that are not disabled can benefit from applied behavior analysis. Also, ABA is well noted among researchers of autism as a method that can be effective for autistic children. (About.com) Autism is known as a complex developmental disability. Experts believe that Autism presents itself dur... ... middle of paper ... .... Acquisition of intraverbal behavior: teaching children with autism to mand for answers to questions .
Ral, S.M., & Gagie, B. (2006). Learning through Seeing and Doing: Visual Supports for Children with Autism. TEACHING Exceptional Children, 38(6), 26-33. Retrieved form EBSCOhost.