Victimization And Criminal Victimization

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What is a victim? Who can be a victim? Is being a victim voluntary or involuntary behavior? The most common definition of a victim is something or someone who is harmed, injured, or killed because of a crime, accident, or other event or action. The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) is the nation's primary source of information on criminal victimization. The NCVS collects information on nonfatal personal crimes; rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and personal larceny, and household property crimes, including burglary, motor vehicle theft, and other theft both reported and not reported to police. For each victimization incident, the NCVS collects information about the offender, characteristics of the crime, whether the crime was reported to police, reasons the crime was or was not reported, and victim experiences with the criminal justice system. There are various of types of victimization for example, sexual misconduct, rape, sexual harassment, stalking, physical assault, theft, the list goes on. With each of these types of victimization, the victim or victims are subjected to physical, mental and emotional damages. Most victims who have been victimized could potentially have a relationship or had a relationship of some sort with the offenders. To understand how or why someone becomes some victims, one must understand the theories of victimization. According to the Criminal Justice there are four known theories of victimizations. The first is The Victim Precipitation Theory stating, victims themselves may initiate, either passively or actively, the criminal act that ultimately leads to injury or death. During passive precipitation, the victim unconsciously exh... ... middle of paper ... .... Plea bargains are in comparison to offenders receiving a “slap on the wrist” and not the punishment they deserve. The criminal justice systems need to instill in the victims that the system has their best interest in every step taken into getting an conviction, and not just giving little bits on information to keep them quiet, but instead keeping them in the known so they will feel more secure when it comes to what happens to the offenders. All things considered, victims have a vital role in the criminal justice, because they are the mold in successfully achieving convictions. There are several theories on victimization, and how or why most victims fall under the victimization categories. The question still remains, what actions and steps will the criminal justice system take to make victims feel considered when it comes to handling and solving their cases?

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