Lawsuits had been tried to gain rights such as the unsuccessful Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896 and the successful Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Although, the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka declared the “separate but equal” clause unconstitutional, de facto segregation continued in the South. During the 1960s, two methods were used: nonviolence and violence. Violence proved to be ineffective since it perpetuated social tensions among Whites and Blacks. Nonviolence was the most effective method in bringing social change in America during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement because it attracted sympathy towards Black people, provoked positive media attention, and promoted unity among African Americans.
Soon after Congress enacted and the states ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, abolishing slavery throughout the nation (Library of Congress). After the Civil War, I feel the biggest problem in the South was labor. To the new African American's freedom meant freedom from white control, autonomy as individuals and as a community. For the most part black people wanted to work for themselves and not for their former masters. But, most black chose to leave the South altogether.
However, within the framework existed a small amount of fluidity which acted as the motive power for African Americans as they transitioned from a long freedom struggle into the Civil Rights movement. The rigid social framework coupled with the small amount of fluidity acknowledges the harsh realities awaiting Blacks daily during the Jim Crow era while suggesting the opportunities afforded to Blacks indicates an overall improvement in quality life as opposed to the institution of slavery. For many blacks in the postbellum South, the only thing they possessed was their “freedom”. Litwack personifies the collective struggle through the stories of individuals like Charlie Holcombe. Charlie, growing up in the period following slavery, was confident in his ability to succeed in a period characterized by hope and possibility.
In his case, author found out many problems that happen to African Americans after the Civil War, especially the force labor and leasing black prisoner system. These were operated by southern state governments, whites, and large corporations. After Civil War, slaves were free. When the U.S congress passed its first Civil Right Act, the African Americans had the right to vote. They can live as full citizens, such as, they could have their own properties, black children could go to school to gain knowledge, and they can have their own jobs,even they had rights to gain the political positions.
In this paper I will show that the Freedmen’s Bureau was able to affect positive transition of blacks after the civil war despite the lack of support from the federal government. I will first give you a description of the Freedmen’s Bureau. I will discuss what the Freedmen’s Bureau was created to do and the social environment they operated in. Next I will talk about some of the programs the Freedmen’s Bureau operated that positively impacted the transition from slavery for many black people. Finally I will show how those programs helped black transition.
Culture played the subtle role in the resistance, allowing the music, stories, and art that had been passed on from generation to generation to circulate among the African American slave community. Their hidden talent was wisely used to support one another secretly, and even help others run away to freedom. Even when the white people of America once thought they could take away the free African identity of the black people, and dehumanize them into slavery, practicing a new culture and the act of passing it on to future generations brought in the necessary hope for the entire slave community.
So they started electing other black man into office so that they could have rights and voice in the government. Also these officals helped with getting schools and education for the black population. At this time the KKK wanted all of the ex-slaves to fall back into place were they belonged... ... middle of paper ... ...et them run it!” Montgumery wanted a safe place for blacks to live and grow as people. Mound Bayou was very proprose. When Missippi wanted to put in place the Jim Crow laws , Iza Montgumery was delegated to vote against the idea.
Frederick Douglass Essay Frederick Douglass was an African American slave reformer; he also was a writer and believed everyone should be free. Douglass once said “I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong.” He was willing to do anything to do the right thing. In his narrative he talks about the evils of slavery and many of the strategies to keep slavery alive as well as the tactics used to keep slaves ignorant. In 1818 Douglass was born into in slavery on a Maryland plantation in Talbot County to his mother Harriet Bailey; although he did not really know his mom till he was older she passed when he was younger. He didn‘t know his mother because the slave owners would separate them from their mothers to destroy that mother son bond; it was a tactic used to keep the slaves thought of as tools instead of people.
(http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII046&SingleRecord=True) Gilje, Paul “Townshend Acts.” Encyclopedia of American History: Revolution and New Nation, 1761 to 1812, 2010 American History Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 12 Jan. 2014. (http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE52&iPin=EAHIII364&SingleRecord=True) Preston, Thomas.