They do this in an attempt to understand and give meaning to their own identities. The preschool years are a critical time to explore and enhance gender stereotypes in a positive manner with children. Between the ages of 5 and 7 stereotypes have been rigidly defined in a child’s brain. Negative stereotypes can limit potential growth and development in a child. They will impact self-esteem and ultimately, academic performance.
Children begin to learn behavior by watching and copying the adult’s behavior. This process continues throughout the development of their lives. Starr and Ferguson (2012) explains “parents play a particularly salient role in their young children’s gender role development as the first same-gender models young children have” (p. 464). From birth, a child is taught how to suckle from their mothers and are either dressed in blue or pink to show the sex of the baby. Gender socialization starts early because as the baby develops they are more likely to watch the parent or adult that shares the same sex.
During this stage, infants learn to know on whom they can rely on and based on the responses of these two families, their child most likely learned trust because the parents seem to know how to meet their child’s needs. Followed by the second stage “Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt (Toddlers 2 to 3 years)”. In this stage children learn to become independent, they do things on their own rather than relaying on someone else. For the most part the two children of these particular families developed autonomy. Parents said they were patients about their child’s development, but parent 1 noted that she did push her child a little if she knew her child was could do more sooner.
Some research has shown that there are three stages to child gender identity recognition. The first stage begins to develop in preschool ages around three and four years of age. In this stage, children can tell the difference between boys and girls and will label everyone including themselves in that manner. But in this stage I don’t think they believe that genders are permanent. They believe that genders can change, For example, a girl could think she was a boy cuts her hair short or wears clothes that may look like it can be for a boy including the color.
Blue is associated with boys while pink is associated with girls because it is a more delicate color (738). Not only are the roles implemented by acquaintances, but also parents. Power discusses how parents’ behavior toward their children “by their expectations about how their children should behave and act, and by the toys they buy for them” impact the gender roles the child takes on and feels pressured to follow from a young age (2). In addition, West and Zimmerman explain that gender is fixed and established by around age five (126). Kids are so imprinted on and influenced that before even knowing what they truly want they are pressured to believe and follow whatever their parents and peers place on
Klemenovic (2014) states "Adults start training in the first months of a child 's life because knowledge of objects is the outcome of other people 's behavior towards us" (Klemenovic, 2014, p. 184). Young children’s development of gender stereotypes is largely influenced by his or her parent’s actions and view on what they consider male or female. A parent’s color preference and toy selection can influence a child’s gender bias or association to a specific
This type of action can affect a child’s development. When children experience gender bias at an early age, not only can affect their development but it can affect their behavior, beliefs, and relationship with others. Children learn by what they see their parents do or what is acted out in their communities. Studies have shown, not only do children experience gender bias at an early age but that they also learn to stereotype as early as the age of three years old. I do agree with... ... middle of paper ... ...om this assignment is that we are a diverse culture and therefore, we all come from different backgrounds.
Gender recognition is one of the first cognitive developments in a toddler. Many scholars from both the sciences and humanities have been very interested in trying to the origin of gender recognition within toddlers and the effects it has on developing social lives. Some scientist have determined that gender is not something that is “hardwired” into your brain (Elliot, 1), it is a trait that is learned through experience and how one is raised. Toddlers learn their roles they take on in their playgroups, as either boys or girls, from their interaction with the influential adults in their lives and the limited social experiences they have encountered. “Knowledge about one’s own sex and the sex of others may influence behavior” (Campbell, 8).
(Early Childhood, 2007) Children learn the differences between boys and girls by the environment they are exposed to, and the ideas are reinforced mainly by family, education, peer groups, and the mass media. Family Family is the first influence to the children’s gender socialization. The interaction of children with their parents is the first exposure of the gender differences idea to them. Since the babies is born, parents start to treat sons and daughters differently with their gender stereotype by dressing infants with different colors’ clothes, giving them gender differentiated toys. One study indicates that parents have differential exp... ... middle of paper ... ...ion of gender differences.
A Reflection on Genders From the first breath a newborn takes as it enters this world, every movement thereafter is monitored. As children grow and mature their actions are reflective upon the gender in which they were bestowed. Believed to be natural behavioral patterns, the treatment of young children does in fact affect their development. The article, “Learning to Be Gendered,” by Penelope Eckert and Sally McConnell-Ginet highlights the effects gender specific names, colors, and even toys relay on young developing children. Eckert and McConnell-Ginet correctly state that the gender specific behaviors parents place on children are more powerful than they had originally thought.