Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners

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Using Effective Methods to Teach Grammar to the Adult ESL Learners Language is one of the fundamental traits distinguishing human beings from the lower orders of life on earth. Most people agree that the ability of language use has helped mankind to climb the evolutionary ladder; therefore, language use is an essential component to people's life in society. Grammar is a part of language and it plays an important role in language use. According to Weaver (1979: 3), the study of grammar will not only help people become better language users, but also effective listeners, speakers, readers, and writers. As a result, grammar has a traditionally central role in language teaching. Recently, many researchers have focused on the notion of how to teach grammar effectively to children and adults. However a learner's variations may influence grammar learning and teaching such as age, sex, previous language learning, literacy, socio-cultural background and so on. For instance, unlike children who have cognitive advantages in learning a new language, an adult ESL learner often tends to use formal rules in language learning (Harley 1986:14). Due to the uniqueness of each language learner, teachers have to develop different methods in teaching grammar based on students' needs. Therefore, this paper will focus on the area of teaching grammar by using effective methods to the adult ESL learners. Giving the grammar explanation to learners is the first effective way to teach adult ESL learners. Adults can benefit more in grammar learning with the grammar explanation. Teachers will provide clear and simple explanations to clarify the grammatical terms such as the meaning of Verb Phrase and Noun Phrase in classes. T... ... middle of paper ... ...xford University Press. Deakins, Alice H., Kate Parry and Robert R. Viscount. 1994. The Tapestry Grammar. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers. Long, Michael H. and Jack C. Richards. 1987. "Grammar," In: Methodology in TESOL. MA: Heinle & Heinle Publishers. Pooly, Robert C. 1974. "Varieties of English Usage," In: The Teaching of English. IL: National Council of Teachers of English. Raimes, Ann. 1990. How English Works. NY: ST. Martin's Press. Seibel, Chuck and Russ Hodge. 1991. Building English Structures. NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Teschner, Richard V. and Eston Evans. 1993. Analyzing the Grammar of English. DC: Georgetown University Press. Weaver, Constance. 1979. Grammar for Teachers: Perspectives and Definitions. IL: National Council of Teachers of English. Weaver, Constance. 1996. Teaching Grammar in Context. NH: Boynton/Cook Publishers.
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