In the early 19th century a man by the name of Napoleon Bonaparte led a Coup D’etat that created a new government in France. This new government started out with a tribunal leadership, which Napoleon was first consul, and later changed to an empire with Napoleon as emperor. Some people believe that he made the revolution better and expanded the revolution but this is not true. The facts, when closely looked at, prove that Napoleon effectively destroyed the revolution by telling the people of his country one thing while he was actually planning on doing something totally different. He deceived people so well that he is still convincing people today that he was a defender of the revolution.
In general, the Third Estate wanted equality for everyone. However, the problem arose from King Louis XVI’s failed attempt at granting the people of France their rights of justice, freedom, and equality. He raised unfair taxes and allowed starvation to take over the country, by raising the price of bread. Hence the people revolted using violence, such as executions and uprisings, to topple the monarchy and change the unjust for the greater good. Violence was an effective means of achieving the goals in the French Revolution because it eradicated the privileges of the First and Second Estate and ended the monarchy’s reign, which granted the people's goals of freedom and equality.
In a time of great dispute and confusion, it took the courage of one man to rise up against the opposition and throw out the revolutionary ideas. The French Revolution started in 1789 and concluded in 1799, but the revolution began due to the unrest of the peasantry and the supposed treasonous acts committed by King Louis XVI. As a result, the social classes revolted against the King and this led to his execution, which left France without a leader until Napoleon Bonaparte took control of the revolutionaries and became the ruler. Although, Napoleon Bonaparte’s reforms as head of France did not reflect revolutionary ideas and therefore he was not a child of the revolution. One example of this can be found in the government established by Napoleon because although the French Revolution pushed for a government with distributed power, Napoleon used a dictatorship.
Maximilien Robespierre declared at the trial of King Louis XVI. “The King must die so that the nation can live.” Robespierre advocated the kings demise and with it the ways of the Ancien Régime. However, in an ironic twist of fate his words also foreshadowed his own rise and fall as the leader of the French Revolution. Known as “The Incorruptible”, or alternately “Dictateur Sanguinaire” Robespierre is a monumental figure of the French Revolution, but which was he? Was he the incorruptible revolutionist fighting to overthrow the Ancien Regime or a raging radical that implemented his own absolute tendencies under the cover of the revolution?
Was the Terror of 1793/4 inherent from the revolutions outset or was it the product of exceptional circumstance? In this essay I shall try to find whether the Terror was inherent from the French revolutions outset or was it the product of exceptional circumstances. The French revolution is the dividing line between the Ancien Regime and the modern world. After France the hierarchy that societies of the time had been founded on began to change and they began to sweep away the intricate political structures of absolute monarchy, but however to achieve this was the Terror absolutely necessary? And was it planned/ or was it just the extraordinary circumstances, which the French had lead themselves into once they had deposed of Louis the sixteenth.
enlightenment The thinkers of Enlightenment had a massive big Impact on the French revolution. The major thinkers of enlightenment like Rousseau would change the people of France’s mind and idea’s about being apart of a monarchy. They would realize that their government are breaching their human rights. The people in France would think the divine right of kings(following out the rules from God). Rousseau would disagree with this and would say; “Every person should be born with the same rights to freedom and happiness, regardless of how rich or poor they are” he would also say; “that they should be terminated” if they happened to break these rules.
The Reign of Terror was one of the most controversial, and most outrageous phases of the Revolution. Some French colonist thought it was a way to democracy; others thought it was just a way for Robespierre to be a dictator. The other great leader was Napoleon Bonaparte. He believed that the only way to have control in France was to put a limit on democracy. Over a period of time Napoleon 's party overthrew Robespierre 's party.
Napoleon Bonaparte did establish a dictatorship within France during his reign as Emperor. He introduced reforms that seemed to contradict the ideals and goals of the Revolution. However, the changes that he did make were usually improvements of those ideals or laws put in place to achieve those ideals through means that appeared anti-revolutionary and they transformed France into a superpower. The French Revolution effectively began on 20 June 1789, when the people of the Third Estate decided that they would not stop fighting until a new, fair and just constitution had been put in place in France. By the August of that same year, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen had been authored to serve as a basis for that constitution.
It made the people realize what they wanted France to be, eventually causing them to revolt against the government make France a republic. It is evident that these three reasons are the main causes that led to the French revolution and the downfall of the French monarchial system. The ineffectiveness of the King Louis and Marie Antoinette being the main reason since it was because of it that led to the dissatisfaction of the peasants, which led them to seeking better systems and laws in the Enlightenment. It was all these reasons combined together that ultimately led to the destruction of the old regime and the French Revolution.
After years of distrust in the government and hatred towards the nobility, the French people rose up and started a revolution (The French Revolution). The Declaration of the Rights of Man, made in 1789, put the ideas of the French Revolution onto paper. They stated that all men are born equal and that they have the right to liberty and property, and security (Rogers, 2011). After the removal of the monarchy and the beheading of Louis XVI, the French entered the Reign of Terror. Being that there was no peace and the demands of the Declaration were still unmet, the French people at a very vulnerable state.