The idea that the raven is pure and to be trusted is a repeated theme throughout the poem as the student continually implores the bird to provide divined information. In his essay Laughing at Fear , Paul Lewis, an English Professor from Boston College, finds similarity between the student in the poem and the reader, stating that both initially “laugh at fear” and find themselves “deeper into horror and puzzlement” because of the way that Poe manipulates the tone of the poem through this use of symbolism (413). Like the symbolism prevalent in The Raven , supernaturalism is ... ... middle of paper ... ...spaired of any end to his grief and resigned to his miserable fate, the student comes to the realization that his soul – captured in the shadow of the demon raven, will never be free (Poe, The Raven , 2-5). Poe uses the refrains “...and nothing more” and “Nevermore” as a means to highlight the students clash of emotion in the mind of the reader. Edgar Allan Poe did not invent gothic poetry – he perfected it.
Before going into a detailed analysis of Poe’s literary techniques, it is important to understand that bi... ... middle of paper ... ... old man’s heart, eventually leading the narrator to a break down and insanity (Hemsworth). This story was diverse and a bit controversial at the time it was written, but yet again, Poe finds just the right words to create this feeling of tension and suspense within each reader. Edgar Allan Poe stands today as an inspiration to any American writer. Although Edgar Allan Poe had a depressing life, there are so many things that any fervent writer can learn from. His techniques are something to admire and learn from, and his skillful use of literary devices such as irony in The Cask of Amontillado, repetition in “The Raven”, and creation of suspense in The Tell-Tale Heart are all things that have helped develop the American writer into the figure that it is today.
He took the poem on tour, thrilling audiences with his impassioned reading” (Bloom). By far Poe’s most famous work up until that point, the now known writer published “The Philosophy of Composition”, an essay that gives insight into the mind of Poe as he writes. While not only where the topics covered by Poe unique for his time, his style of writing stuck out as strange to many. He “has admitted us, in one of his essays, to the genesis of “The Raven” and has even told us which stanza he wrote first, and on what mechanical principles…” (Hannay). While this almost mechanical element is considered by many critics to be Poe’s greatest weakness, it instead provides the readers with an idea of how he viewed sorrow and depression.
Edgar Allen Poe Many a great author have come to inhibit to the world distinguished literary merit, some to be considered masterpieces of novelty, others to be frowned upon for not meeting the requirements of civilized society. Edgar Allen Poe was one of the authors frowned upon because his talent of writing was based on bringing out the fears and deep suspense of which a single person can barely hold on to. “Quoth the raven, ‘Nevermore’” take into account the essence of this single phrase used in Poe’s writing, so simple; and yet so strategically placed as to pull the reader deeper and farther into Poe’s own imagination; as to for just a moment cause the reader to be Poe, see as Poe, think as Poe, and for even shorter a moment experience the fear and enthrallment that Poe faces while writing his novels. Edgar Allen Poe had a way to manipulate the mind, to cause what people feared and loathed to come to life; but at the same time keep a distinctive grasp on any who read his literature, once a story or poem was began it was a trap that pulled you in and held on, the only way out was to finish the whole way through. Somehow, Poe initiated a method of incorporating suspense and trickery into his novels and poems, a reader may be anxious to get to the end and find out what was the final occurrence was; while at the same time the reader knew that paying attention to the story carefully, was of vital importance to understand why, what happened at the end happened.
Poe’s depression could have been caused by the mixture of all of his literary rivalry, drug and alcohol abuse, and much more. Throughout many of his poems and stories, the reader can easily identify a dark tone almost every time. For example, in his poem The Raven, the word ”Nevermore” is repeated excessively and is very symbolic because it gives off such a perfect effect on the reader that Poe aimed to achieve, a mystic yet dark tone. ”’Prophet!’ said I, ‘thing of evil! — prophet still, if bird or devil!’” This is another repeated line that gives off a dark tone that is very appealing to the effect he is trying to bring and create a burden for the reader (The Raven, 1).
He was a dark poet who also added romance in his stories, while managing to be the captive of his stories and his fantasies too. In Poe’s stories, he began with the art of romance to truth, or just beauty. The drama of his story’s’ settings in the drama of a spectator because he greated and imagined that setting, but that isn’t all Poe could do. Secondly, Edgar Allan Poe’s influence on detective stories made him one of the most amazing authors known today. Eliot proclaims, “As for the prose, it is recognized that Poe’s tales had great influence upon some types of popular fiction” (Eliot 24).
Poe's use of a depressing and negative setting for "The Raven" illustrates his despair and gloominess. Another example that illustrates the poem as an expression of Poe's mood is the raven itself. A raven is a large bird of the crow family with lustrous black feathers and a straight, sharp beak. Poe could have used any bird, however he wanted the reader to experience the gloom and despondency that he experienced. Therefore he wrote about a raven.
Alliteration is also present when he says "grim, ungainly, ghastly, gaunt" and "And the silken, sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain..." The raven is the prime example of personification. One does not normally hear a bird, more specifically a raven talk. Throughout the poem the bird talks and repeats “nevermore”, which is a human quality. “Nevermore” is also an example of repetition that Poe uses to drive home his point that Lenore is not coming back. Symbolism the most prevalent device.
Despite being faced with many hardships, Poe was able to harness his woes and transform them into works of art. Although quite sinister at times, the works of Poe have the power to leave readers breathless. It is with this power that “The Raven” was created. Poe created a way in which repetition would provoke meaning instead of boredom. He shaped symbols that would encourage the exact thoughts to occur to the reader that he had been thinking upon writing “The Raven.” His characters were crafted in a way that would be relatable to everyone and be easily understood.
Even one of the main characters, the Raven, is a symbol. A raven is usually the symbol of something dark and sinister. A raven is also a sign of death. Poe does not use poetic devices to just describe characters, but his way of writing also becomes part of the plot and gives the reader clues on what exactly happened or is going on. It can be argued that the Raven is possibly a figment of the imagination of the narrator, obviously upset over the death of Lenore.