While watching Labyrinth, the author Jim Henson uses three different types of irony to show the viewers suspense. Jim also uses literary devices. The types of irony that can be found are, verbal irony, dramatic irony, and situational irony. To begin, Labyrinth featured a lot of verbal irony. Verbal irony is when something is said but contradicts what it is meant. There are a couple examples of verbal irony in Labyrinth that are heard. To start, Sarah, the main character, talks to Jareth, the Goblin King, about how the labyrinth is a “piece of cake...” to figure out, although it is actually very difficult. To continue, another verbal irony found is when Hoggle (a goblin) becomes friends with Sarah. Although Hoggle thinks of Sarah as a friend, Jareth has to threaten Hoggle to give Sarah a peach by saying he “will become the Prince of the Bog of Eternal Stench” if he doesn’t give it to her. Although Hoggle doesn’t want to give Sarah the peach, he does so anyway. More in depth, at the beginning of the movie you see Sarah practicing for what seems like a play. There is one line that she always forgets, but when facing Jareth she remembers and says, “...You have no power …show more content…
Situational irony is when the viewers didn’t expect something to happen. An example of situational irony is when Sarah finally figures out that life isn’t fair. This is situational, because half the movie she’d been saying it’s not fair but later Sarah finally says “You're right it’s not fair...but that’s the way it is.” Another example of situational irony is when Hoggle gives Sarah the peach. We later find out it’s actually her dreams. When she discovers this, she decides to shatters them. To continue with situational irony examples, we can look at the end of the movie when Sarah says “You have no power over me”. The audience discovers that Jareth is the owl from the beginning of the movie. In summarization, these are three examples of situational
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Situational irony is when something happens that we wouldn’t expect to happen. For example, a pilot with a fear of heights, or a clown who’s not funny at all. Also a nurse who gets run over by an ambulance. All of things are situational irony. All of them have things in common that we would never expect in a real life situation.
By definition, irony is the expression of one’s meaning that typically signifies the opposite. Authors have scribed irony in their literature since before pen and paper existed because even ancient bards such as Homer discovered the power irony can bring to a good story. Khaled Hosseini, the author of the novel The Kite Runner, masterfully weaves intricate and delicate examples of irony to enrich the story. Irony plays a pivotal role in the novel to develop the plot, by creating suspense, the themes, by informing the reader, and the characters, by showing their personalities and unconscious motives.
There are so many examples of situational irony that is clear throughout these stories Mr. Mallard being dead, Mama finally realizes that Maggie deserves the quilts because she understands her heritage better than Dee, Mathilde finding out she worked her whole life for nothing, and when Mr. Graves tells Tessie that Eva draws with her husband's family, Tessie is angry. Dramatic irony is everywhere as well. Louise dies from the shock of seeing her husband who is supposed to be dead and when Dee never wanted anything to do with her heritage until somebody was impressed by it.
An example of irony right off the bat is Fortunato’s name. We, as the readers, know Fortunato’s fate. His name translates to “fortunate”, but we know that isn’t the case. When Fortunato states that his “cough’s a mere nothing; it will not kill [him],” we know that, that is an example of dramatic irony. It won’t be the cough that kills him. It’ll be Montresor, whose name is revealed closer to the end of the short story. The suspense leading up to the death of Fortunato helps create the dark and ominous tone because we are waiting for the story to unfold since we do not know when Montresor plans on killing Fortunato, yet alone know how he will do so. Poe uses imagery and vocabulary to allow the readers to visualize the setting and become more engaged with the story. One scene where this can be seen is when the wall of the wine cellar is being described as having “long walls of piled skeletons, with casks and puncheons intermingling.” The humorous tone is created through the use of imagery. Fortunato is described as wearing a motley, which is a jester suit, with a “conical cap and bells” on his head to a carnival. This creates a humorous tone because Fortunato is dressed foolishly which ties in with his character since he doesn’t see his death coming. Another use of irony that aids in the humorous, but ominous tone is when Fortunato toasts to the “buried that repose around us,” not
Irony, that incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs, is the technique used by writers to engage and surprise their audience as well as open them up to new ideas. Oedipus the King and The Story of an Hour are two completely different stories that use irony to develop the plot teach a lesson. This shows that irony transcends time and culture to be a universal theme.
An example of verbal irony would be when she says “I am glad my case is not serious” when it is obvious that her illness is very serious. She believes women are creeping around her room and she believes that she herself has come out of the wallpaper. The dramatic irony in the story is the fact that the narrator is in a psychiatric hospital suffering with a break from reality. It is because of her psychosis that she is lead to believe that the doctor is her husband. The psychosis also leads her to believe that the hospital she is in is her vacation
By now, you should have learned about irony, one of the most important literary devices used. There are many definitions of irony, but a simple definition is the contrast between what was supposed to happen and what actually happens. Irony is separated into three types: situational irony (you crave oranges, turns out you are allergic to them), verbal irony (“Oh, you are so funny!” when someone is not funny [sarcasm]), and dramatic irony (while reading, you know there is a monster in the closet, but the character does not). Many examples of irony are given in the novel Brave New World, a novel set in the future where humans are biologically engineered and conditioned for their role in society. The novel exemplifies irony because even though they have norms and regulations set, most people tend to not follow them, including the world leaders.
There are three different types of irony. There is dramatic irony, which is where the reader knows more the character actually does. For example horror films, when you the scary monster is under the bed but the character does not know. Verbal irony, which is when you say something and actions show otherwise. For example relationships, when your husband tells you he loves you and then has an affair with another women. Situational irony, which is where expecting something to happen in a certain situation and it, ends up being the complete opposite of what you thought would have happened. For examples cops, when cops get tickets for getting pulled over for speeding. Irony is a huge part of story telling. It’s the suspense that irony
SITUATIONAL IRONY is a literary device that occurs when the result of a story or situation is completely different from what we expect the result to be. Often, the final outcome is the opposite of what audience is expecting. Sitcoms often use situational irony.
In the short story, “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe, Poe uses two types of irony, dramatic and verbal. Dramatic irony is when the reader perceives something that a character in the story does not. Poe uses this type of irony in the character Fortunato. Verbal irony is when the character says one thing and means something else. This type of irony can be recognized in the statements that the characters, Fortunato and Montresor, say to one another.
Irony is a useful device for giving stories many unexpected twists and turns. In Kate Chopin's "The Story of an Hour," irony is used as an effective literary device. Situational irony is used to show the reader that what is expected to happen sometimes doesn't. Dramatic irony is used to clue the reader in on something that is happening that the characters in the story do not know about. Irony is used throughout Chopin's "The Story of an Hour" through the use of situational irony and the use of dramatic irony.
Verbal irony is also frequently used by Sophocles. There are many instances of this in Oedipus’ dialogue. Such as the statement, “I will fight for him like I would fight for my father. My search will never end until I take in chains the murderer of Laius”, in which Oedipus is unaware that he is actually the murderer.