In the readings, “Politics of Urban Runoff: Nature, Technology, and the Sustainable City” by Andrew Karvonen and “Design with Nature” by Ian McHarg, both talked about the problems faced with water. “Politics of Urban Runoff: Nature, Technology, and the Sustainable City” discussed on the cause of serious and confounding problems from rain including flooding, erosion, landslides, and water pollution and “Design with Nature” discussed on how building highway affects the natural surrounding and people around. The highway is considered a large scale public investment, which will affect the economy, the way of life, health and visual experience of the community. Similarly, reorienting stormwater flows on transportation networks and building rooftops from predominantly vertical to horizontal pathways affects people in the community as well. The evolution of practice from urban drainage to stormwater management is related with the
In order for urban transition to succeed, government must join and encourage more of the OUPs kinds of organizations to help the slum areas. Lower Sustainability In addition to being incapable of providing a suitable environment, urban transition negatively impacts the climate. Migration
Many issues we face with urban development and growth actually stem from government regulations and planning done poorly. For example, traffic congestion where the government has not effectively controlled access to its roads. Each of the three types of expansion discussed each has their pros and cons however one fact is that if properly planned is actually beneficial to the growth of society without harming nature. urban development and growth can be beneficial to both businesses, homeowners and the planet. If properly planned and examined it allows for natural expansion to reduce congestion and pollution by allowing more nature and a more organic mesh between residential areas, businesses and
Stereotypes of urban cities commonly reflect the portrayal of minorities which they are seen as poor and criminals in comparison to the middle and upper Caucasian class. Such stereotypes are an effect of environmental racism. However, to divert from the spread of negative and racist stereotypes, the local government must reflect a better city. In this paper, I am going to explain the benefits of new regionalism in relation to urban cities and minorities. Having influence from Manuel Pastor and Myron Orfield, minorities need attention from their local government to better their lives.
The city’s adaptation to market logics also influences the way urban space is produced and presented internally, to its own population. For example, concentrations of homeless people are said to deter visitors and consumers from traveling to and shopping in those parts of the city [BY WHO]. Visible homelessness is also targeted by city authorities because it disrupts attempts to render the city as a landscape (Mitchell 186). Rendering the city as a landscape is a means of presenting the individual with an illusory sense of control and freedom in the complex urban environment where control in fact belongs to the totalizing economy and freedom for some comes at the expense of freedom for others. The illusion of control is in a sense the way citizens are alienated from the constitutive parts and production of the city.
1.0 Introduction Redevelopment is described as the process of improving by renewing and restoring. When placed into the context of cities, redevelopment may be described as urban renewal. The redevelopment of cities is a crucial phenomenon that effects the fabric of communities socially, economically, politically and culturally. The need for an urban redevelopment usually arises when an area or district no longer functions nor cultivates its intended program. Unsuccessful existing and expired developments hinder its local community from progressing forward which causes a chain reaction of negativity (Tira M., Ivanička K., Špirková D., 2010).
The result of these techniques is the evaluation of the suitability for the entire study region based on suitability index, which is useful in order to make an initial ranking of the most suitable areas (Mohammad et al., 2014). Landfill site selection in an urban area is a critical issue because of its enormous impact on the economy and the environmental health of the region and many sitting factors and criteria should be carefully organized and analyzed. One of the complicated steps is locating of waste landfill sites have precise steps including site selecting and preparation of waste landfill site. If these landfill sites are near the individual's work place or living places, it is considered as a negative outcome and it may cause irreparable consequences to human life (Seid,
The level of car ownership and usage nowadays is unsustainable leading to polluted and unhealthy cities. Each of the mentioned concerns can be considered important to shift toward a more sustainable urban development. Spatial planning main purpose is to find ways to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at the local, regional and national level. Although major countries, like UK, are directing transport policy initiatives toward usage of sustainable mobility, it is difficult to implement in practice in a society used to travel by car (Hutton, 2013). The existing city form and urban fabric have contributed to increased car usage.
It can be done by intervening carefully in the urbanization process, for example by helping the people to make better choices. The first step in this regard for cities is to use the realistic projections of future populations. It is also an important step of government to give the growth plan and discourage them by having a lack of service by avoiding low income migrants. The main effect of urbanization is on poverty and the natural environment. If it is not considered then the environment will be effect badly.
It may be a more realistic goal to attempt to change various aspects of society to decrease the effects of urban sprawl, which may require a dramatic paradigm shift for everyone in a society. It is impossible to correct a community problem if the members of that community are not even aware of the issues and the stakes at hand. Such an overreaching phenomenon such as urban sprawl will require acute awareness and enormous effort on the part of every individual in a community to make a marked difference on the negative effects of urban sprawl.