Moraga, Cherrie (1996), "The Breakdown of the Bicultural Mind," in Names We Call Home: Autobiography on Racial Identity, ed. Becky Thompson and Sangeeta Tyagi, New York, Routeledge,
Though assumed to be a distressing circumstance and expected total domination, it was a benefit to Japan, for the United States to take control of them, rather than being a disadvantage. The occupation helped the recovery and development of Japan’s economy and also clarified understanding between the two countries. When the United States took control of Japan during late summer of 1945, it proved to be a milestone for the entire world. Never before had one advanced nation attempted to reform the supposed faults of another advanced nation from within (Reischauer 221). Both countries were uneasy, complaining the regarded issue at first.
Proposition 22 was passed by the California voters in November of 2000. The passing of this initiative added section 308.5 to the Family Code which provides that: “Only marriage between a man and a woman is valid or recognized in California.” Proposition 22 was one of a number of similar... ... middle of paper ... ...its. On July 15, the Supreme Court of California unanimously declined the request. On July 19, 2013 San Diego County clerk Ernest J. Dronenburg Jr. filed a petition asking the California Supreme Court to put same-sex weddings on hold until there could be a hearing on the merits. Ernest J. Dronenburg Jr. argued that the court should halt weddings while it considers the argument that the federal court ruling should apply only to the two couples who sued over Proposition 8, as well as to the county clerks in Alameda and Los Angeles counties, where the couples live.
JapaneseAmericans In the early 1940’s, there was evidence of Japanese-American loyalty and innocence, but the information was not always well known. This, coupled with the factors of war hysteria led to the legal upholding of concentration camps in Korematsu v. U.S. (1944). The injustice was clouded, most immediately by the war, and indirectly by racism at home. The sneak attack on Pearl Harbor left a permanent indent on the way Americans viewed the Japanese. Indeed, it was this one act which thrust the isolationist U.S. into the middle of the world’s biggest war.
During these wars certain American races have been caught in the crossfire. The ethnic groups range from Native Americans during the Indian Wars, to the treatment of African Americans during and after the Civil War. In this paper, I want to focus on World War II. Everyone knows what went on in Europe and the Pacific Ocean, but I want to focus on the treatment of Japanese-American after Pearl Harbor. Although many people know about the mistreatment of Native Americans and African Americans, consequently many Americans overlook the mistreatment of Japanese Americans on our own soil.
These “aliens” were a reference to the Japanese and all Asian immigrants. In 1920, the extended the law and made it so they couldn’t even lease land. 5 years later this law passed in 12 more states. In 1922, the court case Ozawa vs. U.S. had the Supreme Court reestablish that Asian immigrants were not allowed naturalization. 3 years later congress passed an act that stated “aliens were not going to be granted citizenship unless they had served in the U.S. armed forces between April 6,1917- November 1918, been honored, and were permanent residents of the U.S.
The novel exploits all of the fallacies of Japanese treatment, which nearly led to the conviction of an innocent man. The man in the novel was nearly convicted for the sole reason that he was Japanese, and because he was of Japanese lineage he never had a chance for a fair trial. During World War II there was a great deal of racial tension between white Americans and Japanese. During this time there were many Japanese families that had migrated to the West Coast of the United States. Before the war there was slight tension towards Japanese people, but during and after the war the tension greatly increased.
With Americans becoming agitated by the number of Chinese immigrants they easily accepted Japanese instead of the Chinese. The Japanese immigration peaked after the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. The large number of Japanese who came to America soon began to be segregated at every opportunity possible. Such as building different schools for Japanese after an earthquake destroyed the current one. Also a law was passed that did not allow Japanese to come to America unless they could become citizens.
REFERENCES Galanter, M. (1989). Cults Faith, Healing, and Coercion. New York: Oxford University Press, Inc. Lifton, R., foreword, Cults In Our Midst, by Margaret Thaler Singer & Lalich (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1995). MacHovec, F. (1989) Cults and Personality. Springfield: Charles C Thomas.