United States' Involvement in Vietnam

explanatory Essay
784 words
784 words

United States' Involvement in Vietnam

Vietnam is a small country in the south of china (Vietnamese means

"non-Chinese people of the south"). In the 17th century French

missionaries arrived in Vietnam. The catholic priests began to convert

the Vietnamese people to Catholicism and in the process rid themselves

of their Buddhist ways and pledge their loyalty to god and not their

Emperor. This led to the Vietnamese feeling hostility towards the

Christian missionaries and there were several cases of priests being

murdered. Some Vietnamese adapted to the French way of life and worked

with the French government to control the 30 million people living in

Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, an area that France now called Indochina.

In September 1940, during the Second World War the Japanese army

invaded Indochina. With Paris already occupied by Germany, the French

troops decided they were unable to protect their empire so they

surrendered to the Japanese, who took control of all Vietnams

resources. During the war a strong resistance movement known as the

Vietnam revolutionary league (Vietminh) was set up under the

leadership of Ho Chi Minh. In 1930 he founded the Indochinese

Communist Party, which inspired the Vietnamese to fight for an

independent Vietnam without the French. Under the military leadership

of general Vo Nguyen Giap, the Vietminh began a guerrilla campaign

against the Japanese. In September 1945, Ho Chi Minh marched into

Hanoi and announced the formation of the democratic republic of

Vietnam. France refused to recognise the democratic republic of

Vietnam that had been declared by Ho Chi Minh and fighting soon broke

out between the Vietminh and the French troops. This led to a

full-scale war in 1946 between the Vietminh and France, which lasted

for 8 years. The Geneva Convention divided Vietnam into north

(communist) and south (anti-communist).

At the end of World War 2 the USA and USSR had emerged as the two

superpowers. A 'cold war' started which is a war where no fighting

takes place. It was a war between capitalist USA and the communist

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that vietnam is a small country in the south of china. in the 17th century, french missionaries arrived in vietnam and converted the vietnamese people to catholicism.
  • Describes how vietnamese adapted to the french way of life and controlled the 30 million people living in vietnam, cambodia, and laos, an area that france now called indochina.
  • Explains that troops decided they were unable to protect their empire so they surrendered to the japanese, who took control of all vietnams resources. the vietnam revolutionary league was established under the leadership of ho chi minh.
  • Describes how the vietminh began a guerrilla campaign against the japanese. ho chi minh marched into hanoi and announced the formation of the democratic republic of vietnam.
  • Describes the full-scale war between the vietminh and france, which lasted for 8 years. at the end of world war 2, the usa and ussr emerged as superpowers.
  • Explains that the ussr was angry at the usa for not informing them of the use pf the atomic bomb to end the war with japan.
  • Explains that 10 hollywood writers and actors were put on trial and imprisoned for failing to comment on their political stance. eisenhower had a military background and fought in ww2.
  • Explains that harry truman's policy was that communism mustn't spread outside the ussr. eisenhower supported the domino theory.
  • Explains that diem was against communism and was unwilling to be a puppet ruler. he rejected their advice and made decisions that upset the south vietnamese people.
  • Analyzes how john f. kennedy was elected president of the usa in november 1960. he argued that if south vietnam became a communist state the whole non-communist world would be at risk.
  • Explains that kennedy agreed with his advisors that the usa could prevent a nlf victory in south vietnam. he arranged for the south vietnamese to receive the money necessary to increase the size of their army from 150,000 to 170,000.
  • Narrates how lyndon b johnson became the new president of the united states after john f. kennedy's assassination. he believed that the us defence was dependent on the vietcong never gaining victory in south vietnam.
  • Explains that johnson was unwilling to take unpopular measures like sending troops to fight in a foreign war until after the 1964 presidential elections.
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