foreign policy. Before the doctrine the United States held the stance of withdrawal in conflicts not directly involving. The general American public typically did not favor intervening with other countries affairs, but with rise of communism propagated by the Soviet Union, President Truman saw it fit to convince congress, to take action. The Truman Doctrine called for the U.S. to pick up where Britain left off and provide both financial and military support for the nations of Greece and Turkey otherwise they may fail to prosper as free nations, and fall to totalitarian, authoritative regime. Truman claimed towards the end of his speech to congress “Should we fail to aid Greece and Turkey in this fateful hour, the effect will be far reaching to the West as well as to the East.” The Truman Doctrine’s true effect was the persuasion of the public to adopt the new foreign policy of “aiding the victims of totalitarianism” on more than just one occasion but as a habit.
A cold war can be defined as a condition of tension and conflict short of an actual war as was the case with America and the Soviet Union. In June 1948 the three allies, France, Great Britain, and the United States, established the German Federal Republic in West Germany, which they controlled. The Soviet Union however opposed any government run by any western powers and took many measures to prevent this new government from staying in power. On June 24, 1948 the soviets began a blockade of all land traffic to the western zone of Berlin, hoping to starve it of supplies and perhaps breaking down. But the US, France, and Great Britain, would not back down to the Soviets and so they began to airlift all supplies to West Germany.
The anticipation of the spread of communism was concerning Truman as if it did proceed to happen it would be greatly affecting the United States economy. It would limit trade with other countries and it opposed everything the United States system of laissez-faire economics believed in. In the meantime the people in the Soviet Union were barely surviving, and it did not seem that it was Stalin’s major concern at the time; he was more interested in taking over Eastern Europe then taking care of the people in his own country. This continued fight over who was to control what parts of Eastern Europe put an even farther wedge between the Unites States and the Soviets.
After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia. However the Soviet Union declined their offer and did not accept the help that the United States had offered giving more tension to the two. Later stating that the United States did not offer enough help for the Soviet Union, when they actually did. America is also at fault for trying to interfere with the way the Stalin ran Russia. It was his choice to conform to communism over his people just like the United States decided on capitalism.
Signs point to Stalin creating the conditions that would result in the Cold War, but the Allies would continually do things without his input. Establishing the Federal Republic of Germany and the formation of NATO only served to antagonize Stalin and divide Europe after he created the Warsaw Pact. Then when both sides continually built destructive weapons, neither side would stop production until Nixon used détente as a means to open dialogue with the Soviet Union. The Cold War would only end when the Soviet Union stopped trying to match the United States militarily and instead made domestic reform a priority.
Although he didn't factor in the Soviet Union's industrial performance. Also, he could not find a way to prevent the Russians from dominating Eastern Europe after the war. One thing that was agreed on by all three powers was that they would only accept the unconditional surrender of Germany and of Japan. FDR avoided the specifics about what reparations that would be applied to post war German because he was unsure of what to do. His strategy in dealing with Stalin was to avoid tension and confrontation.
Brittan and the United States (Led by President Truman) wanted to help Germany recover and to prevent large areas of Europe from coming under Communist control. They did not trust USSR since Stalin had signed the Nazi Soviet pact in 1939.Russia believed America was a capitalist democracy, which valued freedom. Stalin wanted reparations from G...
would have made an effort to keep peace between the two superpowers. Foreign policy advisor George Kennan stated that the future of democracy depended on two possibilities: "either the break up of communism or the gradual mellowing if the Soviet powers." Truman applied this ideology throughout his administration. The United States declared its right to save other countries from communism through the Truman Doctrine (the basic ideology of containment). In 1947 there was a civil war in Greece and Turkey.
The West wanted a stronger independent Germany and the East wanted a weak and unthreatening Germany. The formation of Bizonia, the British and the American zones joined together, and the Duetsch mark being introduced into the three Western zones, to rebuild the economy. It made the USSR bitter and angry because the big three had agreed at the Yalta and Potsdam conferences that all four countries would agree with any changes concerning Germany, but when they went ahead without the Soviet Union's consent the USSR decided to block rail, road and canal links into Berlin. This was hope of driving the allies out of Berlin leaving the capital under complete soviet control. The superpowers were always suspicious of each other.
United states still had worries as it wanted to make a strong, free market- oriented Europe, which was Capitalist. During and after World war two, there were signs of mistrust between Britain, the Soviet Union and the United States. The idea for the soviets was to create communist buffer between them and Germany, but US saw it differently and it looked that communism kept expanding. In the spring of 1945 the Soviets started to install compliant governments in the eastern parts of Europe, thus violating the promises made of democratic election during the Yalta Conference. On May 12, 1945, the British Prime minister, Winston Churchill, sent a telegram to President Truman stating, “What is to happen about Europe?