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Asia Pacific region was the world’s highest growing in terms of the tourism industry in 2004. Therefore, the revenue from tourism industry is one of the significant sources for developing country in this region. According to Zhang, Qu and Tavitiyaman (2009), tourism is playing the major role to enlarge the foreign exchange earnings, increasing the number of international tourists in a growing labor-intensive industry (Richer, 1999). As a result, most tourism destinations attempt to be attentive on their country’s image to raise the number of foreign tourists for generating more income to their nation and local community (Henkel et al., 2006). Since 1960, Thailand is one of the countries with tourism that rapidly raised the number of foreign tourists from 0.08 million to 11.5 million in 2005.
It is strange to imagine that 20 years ago Sheikh Zayed... ... middle of paper ... ... of international business and services in the Middle East. One of the ways it has achieved this is through its public policy towards tourism. Dubai’s actions towards and success around tourism are a direct result of its and its neighbors wealth from oil, as well as its central planning. While it has achieved remarkable success in a relatively short period, its tourism industry and overall development has also been affected by the global financial crisis and Arab Spring movements. As Dubai resets its course after its own economic recession, it needs to be aware of opportunities within the tourism industry around focusing on consumer segments other than the high-end, luxury tourists and developing cultural and heritage attractions, potentially around the booming gastronomic tourism market and its emergence as a gastronomic destination.
Tourism is on the rise in Dubai as well. Dubai’s airport has seen passenger traffic grow by 15% each year since 2002, full of European tourists looking for sun and tax-free shopping as well as the growing Indian middle-class. Dubai also plans to build the world’s largest entertainment complex, call... ... middle of paper ... ...y characterized by the developmental investments made by the city’s rulers to create a sustainable economy, including two new major ports and the Dry Docks. The globalized era shows that Dubai is consistently taking advantage of the opportunities of globalization, attracting Foreign Direct Investments via the DIFC and real estate. These processes have created a financially stable Dubai with a high GDP and average personal income, and a very low unemployment rate.
Tourism in Malaysia started from the 1960s and it is one of the new forces in the economic sector but the growth was slow. Then, a tourism master plan was added into the Second Malaysia Plan during 1971-1975 and this marked the beginning of tourism as the country’s economic contributor that has become the second highest foreign exchange earner for the country after the manufacturing sector (Robiah S., 2007). In the early growth of the industry, Visit Malaysia Year (VMY) is a major tourism event was launched by the Ministry of Culture, Arts and Tourism (MOCAT) in the 1990s that it was extended to include other attractions. The major markets for Malaysia tourism are the neighbouring ASEAN countries, China, South Korea, Japan, India, Australia and United States. This event was a huge success which more than 7 million international tourist arrivals were recorded with a growth of 53.6 per cent.
Vargas-Sánchez, A., Porras-Bueno, N., Plaza-Mejía, M. 2011. Explaining Residents’ Attitudes to Tourism: Is a Universal Model Possible?, Annals of Tourism Research, Vol 38, Issue 2, pp. 460-80. "Visit Catalina Island." Catalina Island Info.
Despite the devastating effects of the 2008 global financial crisis and the subsequent Euro zone crisis, the tourism industry has continued to flourish. Initially, the industry was referred to as a cottage industry but the international travel and tourism industry has evolved becoming a major contributor to economic growth and development in almost every economy in the world. Research has shown that the global increase in worldwide tourist arrivals outperform gross domestic product growth in one out of every two years in the past three decades. Many countries regard tourism as the most significant primary export industry especially the developing world. Nonetheless, in terms of returns, the developed economies are the prime beneficiaries of tourism.
The tourist gaze of Mexico is of an exotic destination which consists of sun, beaches, tropical weather, and turquoise waters. Tourism in Mexico began in the 1970s and during the past two decades the country has become an exclaimed tourist destination. Currently, tourist revenues are the third-highest source of foreign exchange (Wilson, 2008, 6). Mexican tourism is predominately marketed to the United States (Swords & Mize, 55). These Western tourist visit Mexico to experience a sense of exoticism.
http://www.grin.com/en/e-book/122991/seasonality-in-tourism-a-review-of-seasonality-of-hotel-accomodation-in [accessed 29 April 2014]. Wilkening, D. (2009) ‘Add Value, Don’t Lower Rate’ Hotel Interactive. http://www.hotelinteractive.com/article.aspx?articleid=14405 [accessed 6 April 2014]. Williams, C., et al. (2003) Service Quality in Leisure and Tourism.