The US, after fully appreciating the strategic value of the region, opted to increase its interest there. Particular to ensure it does not lose control of the region’s natural resources (chiefly oil), protecting Israel (which was a newly established state and possibly are strategic America ally), and finally, prevent the Soviet Union from dominating the nation (Russel & Ghabra 2003). Background of Middle East-America Resentment America’s role in the establishing of Israel marked the beginning of resentment among many Arabs and Muslims communities (Evara, Stratmann & Natta 2007). With this political stand, the US was forced to adopt policies that conflicted with major political movements in the region, namely secular pan-Arabism and Islamic fundamentalism. Egypt was on the forefront pushing for the first movement; it described its position on the Middle East and the rest of the world.
Simply put, the more the region relies on U.S. security guarantees, the less safe and stable it becomes. An instructive example of why Gulf states require security guarantees is the case of Kuwait, as in the aftermath of the Iraqi invasion Kuwait was forced to balance between Iran on the one hand, and Saudi Arabia on the other, and in order to resist, the Kuwaiti authorities called for the intensification of its partnership with the Americans. Most small Arab states of the Gulf find themselves in the same situation in the face of Saudi dominance in the GCC and territorial claims coming from Iran, which means that for them security guarantees are just as vital. This, however, has two negative consequences. Firsly, the intensification of U.S. security guara... ... middle of paper ... ...n University Press, 1984.
"Protecting the 'Prize': Oil and the U.S. National Interest”. Security Studies, 19.3, 2010, 453-485. Milner, Helen. “Globalization, development, and international institutions: Normative and Positive Perspectives”. Review Essay, 3.4, 2005, 833-854.
A. Knopf. Navari, C. (2004) ‘Liberalism’, Security Studies: An Introduction, Williams, D., ed., London: Routledge. Schmidt, B. (2012) ‘The primacy of national security’, Foreign Policy: theories, actors and cases, Smith, S., Hadfield, A., & Dunne, T., eds., Oxford University Press. Walt, S. (1985) ‘Alliance formation and the balance of world power’, International Security, 9(4).
The U.S. is still the top customers of Saudi oil . Therefore, the starting point of my research for my paper is to find why Saudi Arabia is indispensible for the U.S. For this, I decided to focus on state formation, and I scanned whole literature about the U.S. role in state formation in Saudi Arabia. It is hard to find directly related researches about U.S role in the state formation in Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, there is plenty of works, which focus on state formation in Saudi Arabia, the United States-Saudi Arabia relations, Arabian American Oil Company or the rentier state theory. Therefore, it is like an unfinished puzzle that should been pieced together by collecting necessary parts of all related materials in these topics.
If American military forces were still deployed in Saudi Arabia, the United States would have the compounding issue of contending with the growing threat of Osama bin Laden leading to the attack on 9/11. The 2003 invasion would not have occurred as Iraq would have been invaded by the United States in... ... middle of paper ... ...program.htm Manken, T. (2011, January 20). The Gulf War in retrospect. Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 15, 2014, from http://shadow.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2011/01/20/the_gulf_war_in_retrospect Khadduri, M., & Ghareeb, E. (1997).
Winston Churchill was first to prominently recognise an Anglo-American ‘special relationship’, stating in the years immediately following World War II that he saw the relationship between the US and the UK as an ‘alliance of equals’, according to Sir Michael Howard in the Afterward of The Special Relationship (Howard 387). Howard writes that Britain in general saw the ‘special relationship’ as a vehicle for the United States ‘to accept and underwrite Britain’s status as a coequal world power’ (387). As time passed, however, Britain’s standing a Great Power quickly diminished. Despite this, British possession of nuclear weapons, United Nations Security Council membership, access to political an... ... middle of paper ... ...Ernest R. and Gregory F. Treverton. ‘Defence Relationships: American Perspectives’.
“The Anarchic Structure of World Politics” International Politics. New York: Pearson, 2009. 37-58.
Shoring Up Iraq, 1983 to 1990: Washington and the Chemical Weapons Controversy. Diplomacy & Statecraft, 23(3), 533-554. doi:10.1080/09592296.2012.706541 Brands, H. (2012). Saddam Hussein, the United States, and the invasion of Iran: was there a green light?. Cold War History, 12(2), 319-343. doi:10.1080/14682745.2011.564612 Goldschmidt, A., & Davidson, L. (2006). A concise history of the Middle East.