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Introduction The term phobia is often related to “ When you genuinely fear something for no rational reason”  There are three types of phobias; specific, social and agoraphobia. To develop a fear which is irrational allows room to explain reasons to develop a phobia. Classical conditioning and observation are two methods of developing phobias. Instructional fear acquisition allows us to work out if things are scary; as humans we may even evolve to fear certain things after some time. The brain regions involved are the insular cortex and the amygdala.
Failing to do so can certainly lead to the inability to function properly in one’s life (Understanding Obsessive Compulsive Disorder). This paper will discuss obsessive compulsive disorder in detail. It will compare the differences between obsessions versus compulsions, possible causes of OCD that have been discovered to date, the different types of OCD, and finally, various treatment options. What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder? Obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental illness which affects a person’s thoughts and actions.
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Torres, A. R., Shavitt, R. G., Torresan, R. C., Ferrão, Y.,A., Miguel, E. C., & Fontenelle, L. F. (2013). Clinical features of pure obsessive-compulsive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54(7), 1042.
I will answer all these questions throughout this paper. OCD is an anxiety disorder that describes someone with either obsessive thoughts or compulsive behavior or with both (Thomsen 1). Anybody with this psychological disorder have thoughts and a repetitive behavior going on in their head that they cannot stop; all these thoughts can result to a highly anxiety disorder. Obsessions can result to the compulsions that are also repetitive behaviors (“Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Part II” 2). There are different kinds of obsessions one person has, but the most common are fear of contamination, fear of behaving in a socially unacceptable manner, need for exactness, and fear of making a mistake.
Mayo Clinic defines Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder as an anxiety disordered characterized by unreasonable thoughts and fears (obsession) that lead to to do repetitive behaviors ( compulsions). A person with OCD has to perform their own rules and rituals in order to control their anxiety. OCD can cause a person to wash, count, repeat actions, and arrange things in order. All of these symptoms are portrayed by Howard Hughes. One of the most common symptoms of OCD portrayed by Howard Hughes is the fear of contamination.