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Understanding the Basics of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

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According to Molecular Psychiatry 1 out of every 100 people in the United States are currently suffering from OCD. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted diverse obsessions that are then followed by compulsions (Subramaniam, Soh, Vaingankar, Picco, & Chong, 2013). To get a better understanding of what this definition means, it is important to explain what obsessions and compulsions are. Obsessions can be repeated thoughts, images, sensations, or impulses that make a person feel completely out of control or in danger. Some main types of obsessions that someone with this disorder suffers from are contamination, fear of losing control, harm, and perfectionism. Compulsions are what follow right after the obsessions. They are the repetitive behaviors or thoughts the person does to make the obsessions go away. What’s unfortunate about the obsessions going away is that it is only temporary before the process repeats itself.
Now that a basic understanding of what Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is has been established, it’s important next to discuss the two categories, and the possible causes in those categories, that trigger and can even accelerate O.C.D. The two categories that aide in triggering and possibly accelerating Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder are biological and environmental factors.
The causes in the biological factor category could be genetically passed down by generation or there being a lack of the chemical called serotonin in the brain. Serotonin in the brain allows nerves to communicate properly, and controls regulation of mood, aggression, and impulse control. When this chemical is lacking passage in your brain, your brain than misinterprets information which then ...

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...ww.http://beyondocd.org/ocd-facts/what-causes-ocd
Olino, T. M., Gillo, S., Rowe, D., Palermo, S., Nuhfer, E. C., Birmaher, B., & Gilbert, A. R. (2011). Evidence for successful implementation of exposure and response prevention in a naturalistic group format for pediatric OCD. Depression & Anxiety (1091-4269), 28(4), 342-348. November 22, 2013, from Academic Premiere Database.
Ruscio, A. M., Stein, D. J., Chiu, W. T., & Kessler, R. C. (2010). The epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Molecular Psychiatry, 15(1), 53-63. November 7, 2013, from Academic Search Premier database.
Subramaniam, M., Soh, P., Vaingankar, J., Picco, L., & Chong, S. (2013). Quality of Life in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Impact of the Disorder and of Treatment. CNS Drugs, 27(5), 1. November 7, 2013, from Academic Search Premier database.
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