Understanding and Developing

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Introduction
From the time one is born, the infant begins to constantly change throughout his or her’s life. Human development occurs at different stages, throughout the life span. A child will experience many milestones from birth to toddlerhood, throughout early and middle childhood, and several theories for these milestones. Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, and Erik Erikson classify their different theories of the stages of life in three unique domains: physical, cognitive, and psychosocial/emotional.
Infancy/Toddlerhood (0-3) and Domain Physical
The physical domain of lifespan development is continually changing the human body physically throughout one’s life time. During the infancy and toddlerhood, these physical changes happen very rapidly and permit human growth, developing teeth, and motor skills. While babysitting my two year old cousin that I have helped with since she was three months old, I have learned that this stage in life is the most rapid part of the physical domain. This is because at three months my cousin, Brileigh, was totally dependent. Several months down the road she was still mostly dependent but, Brileigh was starting to help hold her bottle. Before too long she was learning to talk and walk. Now, at the age of two she can walk, run, talk, climb, and is very independent. Every time I see Brileigh, I am amazed at how much she learns within a day to a week’s time. Sigmund Freud observed different stages of childhood development and gave each stage a name in accordance to the child’s body. This research became known as psychosexual development. The stages are given an age range then a title of a particular body part. Birth to one year is the oral stage, one to three is the anal stage, three to six...

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... and psychosocial flow so perfectly into one another. Although, we have this freedom, like anything else, it can go wrong if one is not taking on the responsibilities he or she is supposed to have; in this case one’s child. If humans could follow these theories and stages there would not be such a huge rate in abused, abandoned, and neglected children. Some of these children grow up to do the same thing to his or her children, as their parents done to them.

Works Cited

Garcia, J. L. (1995). Journal of Counseling and Development. Freud's Pyschosexual Stage Conception: A Developmental Metaphor For Counselors.
Ginsburg, H. J. (1992). Childhood Injuries and Erikson's Psychosocial Stages. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 95-100.
Papalia, D. E., & Feldman, R. D. (2012). Experience Human Development Twelfth Edition. New York: McGraw - Hill.
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