Deaf Education1 Coping with and Understanding the Deaf Student What is deafness? There are many definitions to the word "deaf." According to Stephen P. Quigley and Peter V. Paul in their book Language and Deafness (1984), "a child is considered deaf if hearing impairment is so great, even with good amplification, that vision becomes the child's main link to the world and main channel of communication." This is a general and relatively vague definition. Other definitions are based on the degree of hearing loss in terms of decibels (dB) ranging from mild to profound hearing loss.
Because of the focus on speech and spoken language many other aspects of education are overlooked and not understood by a deaf student. So now we have an educational system that forces deaf students to try to learn using a language th... ... middle of paper ... ...al of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism 13.2 (2010): 133-45. Web. Knooks, Henry. "Measuring the Quality of Education: the Involvement of Bilingually Educated Deaf Children."
Schwartz, Sue, PhD. Choices in Deafness: A Parents Guide. New York: Woodbine House, 1987. Vaughn, Sharon-Elbaum and Batya, E., et al. “The Effects of Inclusion on the Social Functioning of Students with Learning Disabilities.” Journal of Learning Disabilities 1 Dec. 1996: 598.
Deaf and hard of hearing children who lack phonological awareness struggle reading because reading requires children to be able to map sound to the letters that they read (Nielsen and Stahlman, 2002). Even though some deaf children can use their visual memory of words to read, they still need to improve their phonological awareness to develop their reading proficiency (Miller and Clark, 2011). In general, phonological awareness skills are important, but it cannot... ... middle of paper ... ...m Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon. Paul, P. & Whitelaw, G. (2011). Hearing and deafness: An introduction for health and educational professionals.
Most of the hearing loss presented at birth is contributed with being inherited with it. The deafness presented at birth may be caused by a condition or infection that the mother was exposed to at pregnancy. The behavior or characteristics that you may see with a child of this disability is first and foremost the child not being able to hear. This characteristic alone contributes to everything that a deaf child does because a child must communicate somehow with people. A behavior that a child may learn would be sign language.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/232585838?accountid=14800 Keating, E., & Mirus, G. (2003). Examining interactions across language modalities: Deaf children and hearing peers at school. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 34(2), 115. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/218136755?accountid=14800 Martin, D. S., Craft, A., & Sheng, Z. N. (2001). The impact of cognitive strategy instruction on deaf learners: An international comparative study.
Living Independently Teachers are often looked at, by their students, as a second mom or a second dad. Our job as teachers is going to be, not only to teach students academics, but to care for them and make sure they are well rounded. Teachers have to ready students for the future so that they are able to live independent lives as adults. Deaf students tend to struggle with living adult lives more so than their hearing counterparts. As Deaf Education teachers, our duty should be to promote functional living, social-interaction, and self-advocacy skills for students who are deaf or hard of hearing.
Rosenberg, A., (1999). Writing Signed Languages. Unpublished masters thesis, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas. Valios, N. (2002). Deaf culture club.
It is a hard and laborious method and in the past often had extreme measures, that were border line abusive, put in place to try and ensure success. Manaulism is when a deaf person uses sign language as their primary from of communication. Learning to communicate using sign language is much more easier on a deaf or hard of hearing person. Although the majority of Deaf culture views oralism as a form of abuse and an attempt to “fix” their disability, instead of embracing their differences and culture, many deaf families view oralism as a way to interact with the “normal” society of the hearing world and embrace the idea of allowing their profoundly deaf children to “hear” and talk to hearing people through a spoken language. When people hear the word “deaf” many times they think of their grandparents or other elders who have lost their ability to hear due to old age.
"Visual language with its own grammar and syntax that is completely different from English"(Rouse and Barrow). American Sign Language is important to deaf people. ASL is how deaf people communicate back and forth from hearing to non hearing people. It is critical to deaf people and their ability to function. Sign Language interpreters are essential for helping deaf people function from day to day life.