Bipolar disorder involves episodes of mania and depression. These episodes may alternate with profound depressions characterized by a pervasive sadness, almost inability to move, hopelessness, and disturbances in appetite, sleep, in concentrations and driving. Bipolar disorder is diagnosed if an episode of mania occurs whether depression has been diagnosed or not. Most commonly, individuals with manic episodes experience a period of depression. Symptoms include elated, expansive, or irritable mood, hyperactivity, pressure of speech, flight of ideas, inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, distractibility, and excessive involvement in reckless activities .
Patients with Bipolar II display a form of mania called hypomania. Unlike Bipolar I, individuals diagnosed with Bipolar II have low energy levels, hypersomnia, and fatigue easily. Bipolar disorder is extremely dynamic in the sense that it does not just affect the individuals mood. Bipolar disorder affects patient's ability to manage feelings, it takes a toll on their mind and body, and bipolar disorder makes it extremely difficult to cope with everyday life. This disease causes major psychological pressure.
The stages a person with bipolar disorder goes through are called episodes. These episodes are classified into four groups: mania, depression, hypomania, and a mix between different moods. Mania is characterized by a period of increased energy and/or a feeling of euphoria. At this stage, people may feel out of control and delusional. Speech and thoughts may be distorted and sped up.
They can range from mild to severe, and all require different methods of treatment in order to stabilize them. What is Bipolar? Most people who are diagnosed with bipolar disorder are those who experience depression first. Some of the most common symptoms of depression are; decreased energy and/or fatigue trouble with making decisions, remembering details and concentration pessimism hopelessness restlessness or irritability feeling helpless, guilty or worthless disruption or change in sleeping habits loss of appetite or overeating various aches and pains which aren’t alleviated with treatment There are other symptoms as well, but these are among those most seen in people suffering from depression. Any action or expression of suicide or suicidal thought should not be taken lightly from anyone, but especially by those who demonstrate other symptoms of depression.
Not nearly as prevalent as other forms of depressive disorders, manic depressive illness involves cycles of depression and elation or mania. Sometimes the mood switches are dramatic and rapid, but most often they are gradual. When in the depressed cycle, you can have any or all of the symptoms of a depressive disorder. When in the manic cycle, any or all symptoms listed under mania may be experienced. Mania often affects thinking, judgment, and social behavior in ways that cause serious problems and embarrassment.
Whereas, being extremely depressed is known as a depressive episode. The signs mentioned above could be describing a person with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder was once called manic depression. What is it? Bipolar disorder is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to handle everyday life.
Manic periods are characterized by intense feelings of euphoria. This may seem like a positive, however these phases typically lead to bouts of impaired judgment. Behaviors can become grandiose in nature and look extremely hyperactive. The person may have raised libido, want to stay up all night, and exhibit overall decreased inhibition. The depression that follows these bouts of ecstasy comes quickly, and they are both dark and unforgiving.
Depression and bipolar disorder likely comes to the mind first whenever we think of mood disorders. It is because these are the most common and severe illnesses, which leads to the causes of disability. Depression and bipolar disorder make us emotionally disable, making it difficult to live life to its best. Most of us do not know that these two mood disorders can take a toll, and can go undiagnosed. These are generally known as dysthymic disorder and cyclothymic disorder.
In contrast to normal depression, severe depression can impair a persons ability to function in everyday situations. Someone with bipolar disorder will usually demonstrate several of the following symptoms:5 „h Persistent sad mood „h Loss of interest in pleasurable activities „h Change in appetite „h Difficulty sleeping „h Loss of energy „h Feelings of worthlessness „h Difficulty concentrating „h Suicidal thoughts Mixed Episode. When in the mixed episode stage of bipolar disorder, a person experiences symptoms of both mania and depression at the same time.
The biggest difference between regular depression and bipolar depression is the usage of antidepressants, which if given to someone diagnosed with bipolar depression it may worsen the bipolar depression or even give the person mania or hypomania. Symptoms of bipolar disorder include, “feeling hopeless or sad, irritability, inability to experience pleasure, fatigue or loss of energy, physical and mental sluggishness, sleep problems, concentration problems, feelings of worthlessness or guilt, and thoughts of death or suicide” (Helpguide, 2008, para. 12). After reading a bit on both what DSM-IV-TR and DSM-V had to say about bipolar disorder... ... middle of paper ... ...iend, and once he got up from the ground Craig laughs and then runs away. All three of these situations show symptoms of bipolar disorder; irrational behavior, suicidal thoughts and actions, depression, and trouble remembering (National Institute of Mental Health, 2008, para.