Ulrich Beck's Theory Of World Risk Society

1822 Words8 Pages
From the ancient times civilization kept evaluating, by discovering and exploring something new and, as a result, facing new hazards. Within the last few decades traditional society has moved to modern one. Within that period, huge progress towards modernity has been made and lots of innovations have been introduced to society, what have resulted in new dangers and risks. Nowadays, accurate calculation and consideration of risk-acceptance, risk-assessment and control cannot be fully complete because at any time there are unpredicted and undesired aspects of risk environments. It can be seen more clearly at the level of global dangers, such as chemical, nuclear, technological, ecological, industrial and genetic engineering hazards, which cannot…show more content…
Ulrich has pointed out that nowadays society is bound up with the life on the edge of global electronic economy, scientific progress and high technological modernisation, but at the same time no one completely realises the potential global dangers and hazards the society may face. Therefore, the society recently became much more interested and responsive to the types of risks which affect relations with them, with others and with the larger cultural group. Beck has analysed how risk society has been changing social reproduction, intimate relationships, ecology and nature, politics and democracy. The essay discusses Beck’s theory and its analysis of reflexivity and its place in social practices and Western societies. As Ulrich Beck’s theory regarding modern society is not the only one, therefore, in his thesis there are some social-theoretic considerations that can be looked at from the different angle, and opposite assumptions pointed out. Furthermore, the limitations regarding his investigation of social reproduction, reflexivity, and dynamics of modernity are discussed as well and contemporaneous sociological analysis is…show more content…
Changes in Western societies include lower retirement age, rising unemployment, expansion of the service industries, alterations in occupational structure as well as rising individualization. Beck was also criticised for his opinion that all those changes involves the transfiguration of class by improvements related to reflexive modernisation and the risk culture influencing social inequalities. Elliot (1996), criticises Beck for failure to sensibly consider that individualisation might directly facilitate and promote the dissemination of class inequalities and economic exceptions. Furthermore, insufficient sociological importance to the chance of individualisation to in fact epitomize systematically asymmetrical correlations of class power. In modern times, individuals are more and more judged as agents building private responsibility and personal security through personal risk-assessing of global dangers, information gathering and risk-management experiences. One the one hand this is what was called individualization of risk by Beck, on the other hand, relations between development of worldwide poverty and financial inequalities, individualized and privatized risks are more systematic and sophisticated than Beck describes in his
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