Defense Policy The United States of America is one of the most powerful countries in the world. This power is a direct result of the careful planning of policies that will govern the direction that the country goes. An effective defense policy is very important in assuring the safety of the citizens in the country and assuring a commanding position within the international community. In accordance, it is important that the United States should adopt a defense policy, so that they seek to form a coalition of strong allies in which they are the sole superpower so that in essence, they may control the whole international community. Before being able to actively pursue this defense policy and act powerful, we must make ourselves powerful.
Although states are still the ultimate power source, it is important to accept the fact that the idea of sovereignty is changing with globalism. - However, for more than the majority of the weaker states, they are under the influence of these strong states - domestic policies are very important to consider in order to see the big picture In the 16th and 17th century, the idea of a sovereign state focused on establishing legitimacy of a single domestic authority (O’Neil and Rogowski 68). The government was expected to have a total control over its domestic affairs. Therefore, it was expected that no state had the “right to intervene in the internal affairs of another” (O’Neil and Rogowski 69). The original establishment of the idea of state and sovereignty developed over the concept of a government having an overarching political power over its territory.
Power is usually represented by the capability of a state to preserve or tip the balance of power towards their own national interests. Balance of power refers to a situation in which the military capabilities of two states or groups of states are roughly equal. Within the realist paradigm of world politics the balance of power among states is always subject to change at a moments notice. As such, those states who are at the top of the international pecking order have to remain vigilant of the potential threats to their power. With the end of the Cold War, the United States has been the unquestioned hegemonic authority in the international world.
With that being said, the big question remains “The most important factor in whether or not states get their way is always the amount of their military power” is true or false. My position on this statement is that military power has been the primary instrument nation-states have used to control and dominate each other and subtly use force to obtain their interests except in cases of asymmetric warfare. Asymmetric warfare provides states with weaker military power and alternative way to retaliate against adversaries which is a stumbling block for states with military power. However, apart from the asymmetric strategy, states usually inflict their strong military force to achieve certain goals. The significance of the military in state power is a legacy of the era of wars, expansion of territories and clash of ideologies.
Luckily for states with equally matched political assets, a state needs only to appear stronger to the state it wishes to dominate. The uses of direct and indirect threats are a disciplinary tactic used the world over to achieve a means. The fear of power can be just as useful as the application if applied to the right situation. The line between intimidating ones enemies and taking action became increasingly skewed during the Cold War. The words of John F. Kennedy best exemplify this in his following statement, “…Armies and modern armaments serve primarily as the shield behind which subversion, infiltration and a host of other tactics steadily advance…” (Walker 1993, 164) The atmosphere created by the USSR and America in 1962 was of a threat,... ... middle of paper ... ...holds free elections, changes to a free market system, and respects the civil liberties and human rights of its citizens.
For a state to achieve its goals, the realists argue that it uses both military and economic power to manipulate International Relations in the current climate. Realist belief is that the state is the only dominant power that can influence the military to such an extent. It cannot only impose order internally, but also be used to do so inside rogue and failing states. The use of the military to achieve its goals raises the fear of another nation that, inadvertently, brings war ever closer through the distrust and paranoia of other nations. As security is the dominant goal, the state will have military forces.
This belief comes from their understanding of the trends in international relations. They feel that in the international field, states are the most important actors which act upon their own individual interests. Therefore, a state is deemed powerful if it has the ability to maintain its national interests by influencing other states. These trends date back thousands of years to the beginning of war. Once states came into existence, selfishness caused territorial expansion and war to soon follow.
Machiavelli reverses the conventional understanding of war as a necessary, but not definitive, element of the development of states, and instead asserts that successful war is the very foundation upon which all states are built. Much of The Prince is devoted to describing exactly what it means to conduct a good war: how to effectively fortify a city, how to treat subjects in newly acquired territories, and how to prevent domestic insurrection that would distract from a successful war. But Machiavelli’s description of war encompasses more than just the direct use of military force, it comprises international diplo... ... middle of paper ... ...oodwill is never absolute. While Machiavelli backs up his political arguments with concrete historical evidence, his statements about society and human nature sometimes have the character of assumptions rather than observations. He concludes that with so many wretched men around virtue is hard to create in oneself.
Also, the complexity of global politics presents a serious challenge to the use of US power. In spite of its incredible military superiority, the United States is dependent on support from allies when it operates abroad. Geographically strategic position gives weak states and advantage when the United States is seeking access to military positions, further stressing the necessity of maintaining good relationships with other countries. In accordance with its apparent wishes, the United States government finds itself alone in its belief in unilateralism; most other governments understand the importance of multilateralism, citing its importance to effectively dealing with issues of Global priority.
However, I believe more strongly in the system that authorizes me and my fellow citizens to check, influence, and remove that government either by voting or through means otherwise contemplated by the Founding Fathers and implicitly granted by the Constitution. Based on this distrust, can they protect me? The United States has become the most powerful nation in the world by most recognized measures. The strength of this country comes from... ... middle of paper ... ...tions the President believes necessary for the nation’s defense and security. The theory of our government is that the will of the people shall prevail over the power of the government; this is appropriate only if all participants know what they are doing.