US and Japanese Strategy in the Battle of Iwo Jima

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U.S. Strategy The American forces plan consisted of a “divide and conquer” methodology. The U.S. focused on landing its assault force expediently and quickly and securing Mt. Suribachi and dominant high ground of the island. The Americans expected victory in less than a week. Their forces consisted of the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions. The 4th and 5th Marine Divisions were to land on the eastern beaches the 4th on the right and the 5th on the left. The 3rd Marines would either land on the eastern beaches or assume a defensive role, which ever was called (Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima, n.d.). Though their whole defense was based on the waves themselves. Sixty-eight Tracked Landing Vehicle, comprising the first wave, were to hit the beach. The armored amphibians would use their 75 mm howitzers and machine guns to the utmost in an attempt to keep the enemy down, thus giving some measure of protection to succeeding waves of Marines who were most vulnerable to enemy fire at the time they disembarked from their LVTs (Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima, n.d.). The U.S. also had an alternate plan. Since the U.S. there would be a possibility of unfavorable surf conditions along the eastern beaches, VAC issued an alternative plan on 8 January 1945, which provided for a landing on the western beaches. However, since predominant northerly or northwesterly winds caused hazardous swells almost continuously along the southwest side of the island, it appeared unlikely that this alternative plan would be put into effect (Battle of Iwo Jima, n.d). Japan Strategy Gen. Kuribayashi had little illusion that his forces would be sufficient in repelling the American invasion. The defense strategy centered on inflicting casualties s... ... middle of paper ... ...cyclopedia Britannica Online. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/298379/Iwo-Jima Iwo Jima Operation, February - March 1945. (n.d.). Iwo Jima Operation, February - March 1945. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/iwojima/iwojima.htm Planning for the Battle of Iwo Jima. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved February 18, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planning_for_the_Battle_of_Iwo_Jima Tadamichi Kuribayashi. (2014, January 21). Wikipedia. Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tadamichi_Kuribayashi Takeichi Nishi. (2014, January 1). Wikipedia. Retrieved January 23, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takeichi_Nishi United States Marine Corps. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved February 5, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Marine_Corps#Origins

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