U.s. State Board Of Education

1202 Words5 Pages
American Legislative System has a tremendous advantage over Continental System of Law. Legislation improvements in many European countries depend on centralized bill, coming from the Parliament or another government office, and legislation cannot be changed otherwise. American system is based on the precedent, which allows legal imperfections to be corrected, norms added, certain article adjusted, not only at the federal level, but by a court decision about a particular case. That means one case can affect the whole national legal system and, quite often, the whole history, which in itself is impressive. Daniel R.R. vs. State Board of Education, Texas (1989) and Oberti vs. Board of Education, New Jersey (1993) are great examples of cases, which have changed special education in United States to the form and shape it is today. It is important to highlight main points of each case and underline legislation changes and improvements each case initiated. Human rights movement of 60s started with protection of African-American minority group and demand for presence of African-American students in public schools. Slowly, it carried onto protection of rights of other minority groups, including students with disabilities and their presence in public schools. Most of the time their parents initiated it. As it happened in the case of Daniel R.R. vs. State Board of Education, Texas (1989). Daniel R.R. was a 6 year old boy with Down syndrome. Daniel’s parents were disagreeing with the local school district about Daniel’s placement. Parents were insisting on the placement with non-handicapped children in the general education class. They were arguing, that Daniel 's placement in special education classroom violates the Education of the Hand... ... middle of paper ... ...ive the same great results. One student might be very sensitive to light. In order to gain his focus, a teacher will have to find a seat with no direct sun light. Another student might have strong food sensitivities. In that case, teacher needs to stay away from candy or any sweet rewards. •Pressure to reach achievement goals for the class (The Foundation for Educating Students with Special Needs, 2011). Possibility of disabled student’s score driving the average of the class down. If this concern arises because of the teacher’s salary, raise or subject of bonuses, it should not be a problem, because it is supposed to be based on individual student’s progress. •Feeling of being crowded by the members of the team involved. Also should be looked at as a stimulating process that involves collaboration between teachers, counselors and, most importantly, parents.
Open Document