Type Of Government In Syria

1248 Words5 Pages
Syria’s location, type of government, and current leadership contributes to why the people are fighting in the civil war. Syria is a country that is nestled on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Asia. Its capital is Damascus which is located on the Barada River. Syria is bounded by many other countries, and the people who cohabitate in these places have many similar as well as different religious beliefs. The bordering countries are Turkey on the north, Lebanon and Israel on the west, Iraq on the east, and Jordan on the south. Syria’s type of government is a unitary multiparty republic (“Syria”). This means that their central government has the highest power with only one legislative house. The head of state and government is President Bashar al-Assad who belongs to Syria’s Alawite minority, a Shiite Muslim offshoot. A majority of Syria’s antigovernment protestors and oppositions groups are Sunni Islam, and would like the Assad regime to come out of power due to his dictatorial practices. President Bashar al-Assad came into rule when his brother Bassel al-Assad was killed in an automobile accident. Bassel was originally designated to rule after the death of his father Hafez al-Assad’s, who was the Syrian president since 1971. Bashar al-Assad was 34 at the time of his brother’s death and initially the age to become president was 40 years old. However, the national legislature approved a constitutional amendment that would change the minimum age to 34 (“Bashar al-Assad”).
The enduring conflict between President Bashar al-Assad’s army and the rebels started with the Syrian uprising and as a reaction evolved into the civil war. The Syrian uprising stemmed from Arab Spring which was uprisings all throughout the M...

... middle of paper ...

...d highly suggest because many innocent people are losing their lives due to the civil war; many of them are innocent civilians and children. When the death tolls continue to rise and no resolution has been met action needs to happen. However I understand if the United States sends their military forces to Syria it is putting their military personnel in danger. Air strikes were threatened upon Syria for their use of chemical weapons. They were responsible for using chemical weapons on August 21, 2013 and the Syrian government put the blame on rebel groups for the Ghouta attack and use of these weapons. Ending the Middle East proxy war in Syria should be a priority to the United States because the issue is becoming larger between the different groups of the Middle East. The U.S. has thought about providing the Syrian opposition with arms to take down the Assad regime.

More about Type Of Government In Syria

Open Document