Type 1 Diabetes Research Paper

explanatory Essay
2393 words
2393 words

According to the American Diabetes Association, 28.5 million people in the United States have been diagnosed with diabetes. Out of that number, there are 215,000 children under the age of 20 with the disease. About 1 out of every 400 children and adolescents have diabetes. Diabetes is broken down into Type 1 and Type 2. Diabetes is a chronic condition that will require treatment for the lifetime of the patient. For this paper I will explain the differences between the two and focus on the treatment of Type 1.There are several different ways to manage Type 1 Diabetes. Fine needle syringe, insulin pen or insulin pump. Should the insulin pump be a required form of treatment instead of the other two options? To answer this question, the basis for the research paper will be on how well the insulin pump regulates the blood sugar over the other 2 types of treatments.
Diabetes also known as high blood sugar levels, develops when your body either cannot make enough insulin or can't properly use the insulin that it makes. Diabetes has been around since the 1500's. The ancient Chinese described the signs of diabetes as described as "large amounts of urine." (Beaser 2). It wasn't until the ancient Greeks who actually gave the name of diabetes, which meant "to flow through." (Beaser 2) Later the Latin's added the word mellitus, which means sweet urine. The medical term is now diabetes mellitus. To understand the multiple ways to treat diabetes, you first need to understand what diabetes is and how your body reacts to it. Everyone needs food to survive, without food you will starve to death. Once we put food into our mouth, our body breaks it down to be used for fuel by the cells within our body. This process is called metabolism. Food is f...

... middle of paper ... that insulin pumps "might result in better control of blood sugar for people with Type 1 diabetes"( Gruman). "Ramin Alemzadeh,M.D., director of the Diabetes program at the Children's Hospital of Wisconsin in Milwaukee, cautioned that although the researchers reported pumps might improve glucose control overall, pediatric patients should not expect major changes in the longer-term control of blood glucose." "In our experience we don't see a significant overall blood glucose improvement beyond six months or one year of treatment in most children. Initially, the patients HBA1c levels improve, but after a while levels begin to rise and are not significantly different from where they started." "A patients diabetes management starts with them and their family. How well they do is independent of which method of insulin administration they use." (Gruman)

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that a study by the center for advancing health concludes that insulin pumps may result in better control of blood sugar for people with type 1 diabetes.
  • Explains that diabetes is a chronic condition that requires treatment for the lifetime of the patient. they explain the differences between the two and focus on the treatment of type 1.
  • Explains that diabetes develops when the body cannot make enough insulin or can't properly use the insulin that it makes.
  • Explains that insulin is a chemical messengers made in the body's small gland called the pancreas.
  • Explains that type 1 and type 2 have many of the same symptoms, including frequent urination and extreme thirst.
  • Explains the three types of treating type 1 diabetes: fine needle syringe, insulin pen and insulin pump.
  • Explains that insulin cannot be taken orally because stomach acids destroy its effectiveness. the fast acting and long acting insulin doses are calculated based on several factors.
  • Explains the rounding rule for whole units and how the patient administers 21 units of insulin for lunch. the calculations are done with the fine needle syringe and insulin pens.
  • Explains that an insulin pump is embedded into a patient's stomach with an interactive display screen. the patient inputs the blood sugar level and the amount of carbohydrates that are going to be consumed.
  • Explains the advantages and disadvantages of each of the devices. insulin shots are a tested delivery system, are relatively easy to administer, and are less expensive than the pump.
  • Explains that fine needle shots deliver insulin using a very small needle under the skin. once the correction is determined, the needle needs to be disposed of in needle safe containers.
  • Explains the advantages and disadvantages of using an insulin pump over manual injections.

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