Type 1 Diabetes

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There are two major types of diabetes mellitus, type 1 and type 2. “An estimated 500,000 to 1 million people have type 1 diabetes while an estimated 15 million people have type 2 diabetes” (Virginia Mason, 2014). Type 1 diabetes is less common with less risk factors while type 2 is more common with many risk factors. Between an individual’s infancy and 30s, most typically in childhood or adolescence, type 1 diabetes usually appears, but it can occur at any age. Type 2 diabetes can occur at any age as well and is increasing in younger individuals and children, but mainly develops in an individual around the age of 40 or above. Having a parent with type 1 diabetes, especially the father, or having an older mother can lead to the development of type 1. Any family history of type 2 diabetes can lead to the development of type 2. Type 1 diabetes tends to develop more within Caucasian individuals and type 2 diabetes within certain racial or ethnic groups such as: “African American, Hispanic/Latino American, Native American or Asian American/Pacific Islander (Virginia Mason, 2014). Having a low HDL (high-density lipoprotein) or high triglycerides or being overweight and not maintaining regular exercise can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes. In a healthy individual a rise in blood sugar triggers pancreatic beta cells which in turn release the hormone insulin. Insulin also stimulates cells to take the glucose from the blood. The pathophysiology of type 1 diabetes starts with the body’s immune system. The immune system’s job is to destroy invading germs and diseases. Instead, it attacks and destroys its own beta cells, the cells In the pancreas that produce insulin. Without beta cells in our body we cannot produce... ... middle of paper ... ... is no need to recap it. If insulin tends to leak from your injection site, press the injection site for a few seconds after the injection. If this happens often, check with your health care provider. Place the needle and syringe in a safe hard container. Close the container, and keep it safely away from children and animals. Never reuse needles or syringes. (http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions) A good way for teaching proper dieting is to keep a log of what they ate everyday and may even include a list of foods and how many calories and fat is in each food item. Every person with diabetes or not should exercise at least 30 minutes a day. It is important to stress the importance of exercise in someone who is diabetic because it helps keep the glucose levels under control and an further more reduce risks of diabetic complications.
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