They are the ones who took actions. President Reagan was credited for his bravery and initiation of the Zero-Option strategic plan. However, some of Reagan’s pugnacious speeches and decision to increase the United States defense spending provoked tension and calamitous accidents like the Korean Aircraft incident. The public’s fear of a nuclear war is another factor that pressured Reagan to create better relations with the Soviet Union. Although Reagan’s improbable Strategic Defense Initiative, claiming to prevent a nuclear war, received numerous criticism, it is a factor that influenced the Soviet Union to make an agreement.
The question was whether the USA should pursue the same policy regarding communism in the Far East as in Europe, or should it concentrate on making sure that the Soviets couldn?t expand westward? Despite being a little too optimistic, MacArthur?s decisive policy addressed the global threat of communism better because it acknowledged that the U.S. shouldn?t just ignore one communist sector of the world, and because it recognized that we should eliminate an enemy that we are inevitably bound to come into conflict with. Analysis of Truman?s Policy Truman?s approach to Cold War politics was practical and logical, but it was too reactionary by nature. Truman failed to see that it was inevitable for the U.S. to eventually fight against the Soviets; in fact, one Soviet diplomat even said this himself as a rationalization for seizing more lands. The Truman Administration clearly realized that the Soviets had engaged in a struggle for power, a Cold War, so why then didn?t Truman do everything in his power to eliminate this... ... middle of paper ... ... passed, was more pro-active as opposed to reactionary.
Just as the two super-powers were fighting for information on each other, internal surveillance teams were fighting for information to keep the country itself free of rebels. The Soviets had to keep an attentive eye out for rebellions which they feared would be inevitable if one of their satellite countries made contact with the west or the citizens of that country no longer respected the ruling elite. Neorealism argues that the perception of power is just as effective as actually using said power. The fear itself is enough to establish superiority. That is why intelligence was so sought after and the sole reason surveillance teams
The United States, as the public believed, was not a land of perfect communal equality, but rather a land of equal opportunity. However, what made communism so dangerous can be succinctly described by Eisenhower who compared the spread of communism as the domino effect. As his secretary of state, Dulles, put it, the propagation of communism “would constitute a threat to the sovereignty and independence” of America (Doc B). In addition, the Cold War also planted the seeds of rational fear of a global nuclear war. As Russia caught up to the United States in terms of technological advancements, they successfully developed the atomic bomb as well as the hydrogen bomb, which caused Americans to believe that the USSR would use these weapons of mass destruction to forcefully extend their ideologies to the USA.
The people of the First World supported self defense and the idea of helping others. America’s people often doubted the morality of offensive moves. Cold War policy in America was based on America’s ultimate goals but also on the upkeep of a global reputation. Cold War policy maker’s primary intentions were to protect america, its interests, and its allies. It was important for America to maintain good relations with any nation that served their interests; anti-communist or trade based.
It is entirely possible the war ended as a political acceptance stance using a similar framework of multiculturalism rather than of direct assimilation of western ideas. However without a doubt the committee for present danger has influenced US foreign policy not only during the cold war but they are now trying to find relevancy within the 21st century (Kirchick 2004). After the cold war the US became a curious hegemony unsure of how to exercise power against those it deemed ‘rogue states’ or how to support diplomatic solutions from global problems. They have been best described as a “superpower without a mission” (Baylis et al. 2008, p. 76).
However, both world leaders Truman and Stalin, were eager to exert themselves as a world power and both had imperialist intentions for economic security. Because of the threat of nuclear power neither side wanted to physically go to war but simply wished to disregard the other. Churchill states that, “I do not believe that Soviet Russia desires war. What they desire is the fruits of war and the indefinite expansion of their power and doctrines” (Churchill, W. “Iron Curtain Speech.” Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri. 5 March 1946).
Perceptions and Misperceptions Between the United States of America and the USSR During the early Cold War. When two people are arguing, it is because both parties believe that they are right while the other is wrong. Similarly, when two people are in disagreement, each side tries to convince the other that their points of view, their values are the right ones. The United States of America, as well as the Soviet Union, believed that they were the most powerful and the rightful country to take control. They both believed that they had to take control of the world or else the other would.
However, with the advancements of the Cold War, the United States’ desire to keep Most Powerful Nation status influenced hypocritical actions in regards to democracy, especially in its involvement in the Middle East. The Cold War created an extremely powerful rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union.The two nations were battling on nearly every front except actual battlefields. The fight for control over lands in the Middle East was a particularly important aspect of their battle for dominance. It was believed that the United States had to present itself as fully as possible as a global power in order to prevent any further wars and in order to limit the spread of Communism. The United States’ involvement in the Middle East might be viewed as attempts to accomplish those goals, however, largely, actions taken in the Middle East were done to protect America’s Most Powerful Nation status from being taken by the rising powers of the USSR.
JFK was president during the time of the Cold War and wanted to show that not only did the United States want to extend neutrality and friendship to any adversaries, but also to delineate that America was still the strongest country in the world. During a time of innovation and development, the world needed to ally itself and use its power to solve problems of mankind, not enhance them. The audiences of his speech were the Russians and other countries around the world who threatened the U.S.’s stance as a superpower. He offered them a hand of collaboration instead of futile war propositions. Although at a different crossroad, Winston Churchill had also become Prime Minister during the start of World War II, a time in which Germany seemed impenetrable.