The peasants, consequently, despised the rich and carried out an assault ... ... middle of paper ... ...estore their rights within it” (Doc ___). Before the revolution, the British government had already adopted a constitutional monarchy and treated its people fairly with the Magna Carta and representation in Parliament. Seeing these injustices enraged the colonies who all wished to receive rights and independence from the monarch. The goal of creating a democratic nation served as motivation for the Revolutionists and the British government became a rough model. In sum, the French and American Revolutions had many similarities despite the differences in ruling monarchs and circumstances.
The various historical happenings of the eighteenth century were just as influenced by the rhetoric of Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine as Burke and Paine were influenced by the phenomena that was taking place at the time. Thomas Paine was a radical liberalist that believed in revolution against the monarchy as much as he called for a complete overhaul of society; Edmund Burke, on the other hand, was a much more conservative politician: Burke believed that revolution came gradually and incrementally and that a revolution as sudden and violent as the French Revolution went against the natural order and would inevitably fail. Despite differences in beliefs between the two, their roles in the taking place of these phenomena are undeniably crucial:
People began to revere wisdom over instincts in the time of the Enlightenment. 2. The American Revolution was affected by the Enlightenment, especially by the ideas of John Locke. King George III took away the colonists rights, and they realized that they were not being treated right, even though the people in England were given the rights constituted by the new Enlightenment ideas. While the people living in Great Britain were subjects of the king, the colonists were not treated as such, and were given many unfair taxes, all without government representation in England.
Paine also criticizes the idea of monarchy and hereditary succession. Complications would ultimately arise through his ideas and theories due to the differences in religions. Thomas Paine expresses his feelings toward the English constitution and its flaws specifically the crown. According to Paine, "because the corrupt influence of the Crown, by having all the places in its disposal, hath so effectually swallowed up the power, and eaten out the virtue of the House of Commons" shows that with power comes corruption and in this case is the crown ruler of Britain. Paine gives an example of an up and coming colony which will develop a government which cannot be overturned which he said, " depends the STRENGTH OF GOVERNMENT, AND THE HAPPINESS OF THE GOVERNED."
Later, when the Quartering Act was passed, Americans complained against not only the taxation, but also an infringement on their rights of property. Before the conflict between Britain and France over the Ohio Valley and Canada, America was given practically free reign over its political liberties too. It set up colonial legislatures and citizenship by the act of owning land. Its government system wasn’t based on birthright and a monarch, they were for individual freedoms and the right to participate in government. But when the “tyrannical'; King George jumped in demanding control of the colonies, they were angered and looked for a way to keep their liberties.
They aspired to stop a tyrannical king, and they aspired to gain more rights as citizens of a nation. Many of the Barons certainly could afford to continue paying for King John's never-ending battles with France, but they stood up and stopped taking commands from a tyrannical King. The rights that the Magna Carta gave to the citizens of England at the time is overwhelming. i have sources
Distrust of Democracy “A government big enough to give you everything you want is big enough to take away everything you have” (Democracy Quotes). Years ago, Thomas Jefferson was among many who, during drafting and ratification of the constitution, voiced their wariness over the creation of a strong national government. Professor I.M. Skeptic argues that the constitution was born out of a distrust of democracy. I do believe that the constitution was created out of distrust; however I believe this distrust is for a strong central government that was displayed through Britain 's monarchy, not of democracy.
Magna Carta was the birth of democracy in England. It was an attempt by the barons to limit the power of the king. A step which made the king no longer an absolute monarch. The Great charter gave the nobles the power to join the king in ruling the country, and in the same time it gave the common people a direct link to the king through the nobles. But, unfortunately, according to what history shows us, even after the birth of the Magna Carta, democracy has been always affecting the power of those who are in higher authorities, which made the struggle for maintaining the democratic life not easy at all.
France was subjected to various civil wars and wars of religion, and the future king, Louis XIV, witnessing this period of unrest, vowed to impleme... ... middle of paper ... ...V had achieved, and the English people feared their religious freedom was being jeopardized. These circumstances would then lead to England’s “Glorious Revolution,” which would take on the unpopular monarchy and defeat it, thereby putting William and Mary in the English throne. France and England underwent very different changes during the seventeenth century. While France transformed from an instability, war-torn country to a united, prosperous nation, England did just the opposite. France’s success can be largely attributed to Louis XIV long reign, and England’s decline was caused by a series of short rules by vastly different rulers.
The first of the political philosophers was Thomas Hobbes who first introduced the idea that the monarch ruled not by “divine right” but through the consent of the people. This was a radical idea with ramifications that are reflected in the great changed Great Britain made to to their government in the 17th century. Through a series of two violent civil wars between the monarchy and Parliament and the bloodless civil war known as the Glorious Revolution, Parliament was granted the authority to, in essence, “check” the power of the monarchy. The internal shifts of power in Great Britain and the savvy foreign policy skills demonstrated by the British in much of the conflict happening in continental Europe can be credited with England’s rise to power. By the Glorious Revolution of the 17th century, England was already miles ahead of their European brethren.