Earthquakes are the leading cause of Tsunamis. People who live in California are well aware of earthquakes that are frequently caused by the San Andreas Fault. However, not many are aware of the results of earthquakes that occur out in the Pacific Ocean. Tsunamis have also been referred to in the past as seismic sea waves, but Earthquakes aren’t the only cause of this phenomenon. Landslides, nuclear explosions, volcanic eruptions, and extra terrestrial impacts also have great water displacement results.
Earthquakes can also cause secondary disasters like tsunamis, a natural disaster where a series of waves of very great length and period, are usually caused by large earthquakes under or near oceans that are close to the edges of tectonic plates. The waves created by a tsunami can travel long distances and increase their height as they hit shallow water. Tsunamis are able to create great damage and destruction far away from their source. (American Public Health Association, 2005) To help prepare buildings for earthquakes in certain regions, they estimate the probability of how often an earthquake will occur in that area. Other factors include: the shaking intensity that is produced by the earthquake (which can also be expressed as the peak acceleration), how frequent the s... ... middle of paper ... ...citizens before the earthquake happens.
A magnitude 8.0 quake centered beneath downtown Los Angeles would do much more damage than a quake of equal strength centered beneath a desolate area of Alaska. Population densities, the design and structure of buildings and roads, and a general preparedness greatly determine the amount of damage any earthquake will do. A highly populated or urbanized area is much more susceptible to widespread damage from an earthquake than a sparsely populated area, simply because there is more to damage. Some of the devastating effects of earthquakes can include structural damage to buildings, buckling of roadways and bridges, shattering glass, fires, or tsunamis (tidal waves). Earthquakes can be very costly to both human life and material things.
The main definition of natural disaster is “any catastrophic event that is caused by nature or the natural processes of the earth”. Natural disasters happen all around the world, it is a major event resulting from a natural process of the Earth, for example the most common are hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, tornados, and volcanic eruptions. A natural disaster can cause a lot of damage, and also loss of life. These disasters typically cause economic damage, which it´s very difficult to recover from. Some of the events will not rise to the level of a natural disaster if it occurs in an area without vulnerable population, however if it occurs in a vulnerable and populated area, it is considered a natural disaster, and it can cause serious
The state of California is overdue for another big earthquake. As a state, we should seek to improve earthquake preparedness through the retrofitting of buildings, better alarm systems and overall awareness through emergency plans. Being prepared will save many lives and prevent massive damage of buildings in the process. An example of a big earthquake would have to be an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.7 or higher. These earthquakes usually cause mass destruction and causes a vast amount of injuries and even deaths.
One must note that such high levels of seas can dramatically affect the damages caused by a hurricane. This because oceans will push against land as they did in New Orleans, which brings devastating results, approximately 80 percent of the city was flooded (Plyer, 2015). One cannot go without mentioning that these storms cause a lot of rain, the combination of such examples will crush a city in many ways. Above all, any condition that affects climate conditions will take a toll in the way storms revolve. This remains true for meteorite impacts and nuclear explosions.
Tsunamis are one of the most deadly natural disasters in the world and one that people understand little about. Researchers always believed that earthquakes that cause tsunamis only occur at subduction zones but that conception changed in 2004. This event that happened near Sumatra, Indonesia really drew attention to understanding how tsunamis function. This was one of the most damaging tsunamis in recent history accounting for nearly a quarter of a million deaths. There are many reasons for the casualties that occurred but one thing that is certain is that the tsunamis are very unpredictable.
There are many different types of plate movements that can easily cause an earthquake. An earthquake is a pulsation that can be brutal and murderous, of the Earth’s surface that allows a release of energy in the Earths crust. A scientific understanding of earthquakes is very important in today’s society. As the earth’s population increases, the expanding of the people can be a scary thought if an earthquake is near. With a higher understanding of the cause and effects of earthquakes, we should be able to lower the damage, loss, and suffering of life from these deadly
Damage to the earth will occur, and the harm will be enormous. One of the most prominent problems that can have major impact on the environment is that Iraq contains many oil wells around the country. These oil wells have the potential to be seized and used as a large scale destruction device. Should the oil wells be destroyed, there will be a massive disaster area, which can span for miles and miles, and still have effect on other countries. The worry is that because there are so many targeted wells, the effects will be on a extremely larger scale than the oil damage that happened to Kuwait in 1991, as it “left some parts of Kuwait still lifeless more than a decade later” (Keefe, 2003).
Severe weathering to Earth could eventually lead to stronger and more frequent storms. When it gets warmer, more evaporation takes place, which leads to an increase of precipitation. This could vary from certain locations due to its weather conditions. Some parts of the word experience flooding while others experience droughts. Health issues are a big controversy in the world due to extreme heat waves causing deaths around the world.