Importantly, the conflict between Russia and Chechnya created a rift which resulted in deadly consequences in those countries. History. In the North Caucasus, Chechens endured centuries of conquests by Russian, which they contended through resistance. In 1834, the Russians began their conquests of the North Caucasus and completed them in 1859 (“BBC News Timeline”, 2011). Chechens attempted to separate from Russia by establishing an autonomous region in 1922.
West versus East, the age-old battle of capitalism in opposition to communism, was the underlying factor of the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. After the break-up of the Soviet Union, many former Russian controlled territories created their own countries and governments mirroring that of Russia’s. As the years passed, these countries are now finding themselves pulled between their historical Russian ties and European opportunities. This split had caused a lot of uproar in these countries on their future alliance, and has been the one of the lasting areas of conflict between the Russia and Europe. One conflict in particular, the Russo-Georgian War, rocked global politics for the five days that it lasted and demonstrated that these conflicts are still potentially volatile.
New York. Alfred A.Knopf, 1993 pgs 12, 44 The Bolsheviks and Workers control.http://www.geocities.com/W estHollywood/2163/bolintro/html (11 February 2000) Trotsky, Leon. The Russian Revolution.New York. Double Day Anchor books,1982
New Haven, Yale University press, 1935. Lynch, Michael. “The Emancipation of the Russian Serfs, 1861: A Charter of Freedom or an Act of Betrayal?” History Review. 2003. Mazour, Anatole G. “Russia, Tsarist and Communist”.
Works Cited Grau, Lester. The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost. Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2000. Human Rights Watch. “Pakistan, Iran, Russia Fueling Afghan Civil War.” New York: 13 July 2001.
The currently named KGB was founded by Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky in 1917 under the name of the "Cheka." This Cheka was the name of Russia's first secret police after the rule of the Tsar's. The full name of these secret police was "All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combating Counterrevolution, Sabotage and Speculation" (Deriabin, KGB: Masters of the Soviet Union XI). The Cheka would eventually evolve into the KGB in 1954. However, between the years of 1917 and 1954 the KGB was given a variety of different names.
Martin’s, 2003. 7) Vernadsky, George. A History of Russia: Fourth Edition, Completely Revised. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1954.
Plock, Ernest D.. East German-West German relations and the fall of the GDR. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993. Print. Schmemann, Serge. When the wall came down: the Berlin Wall and the fall of Soviet communism.