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Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolshevik's Up to 1922

Satisfactory Essays
Trotsky's Contribution to the Success of the Bolshevik's Up to 1922

Leon Trotsky was a Russian Marxist, who organized the revolution that

brought the Bolsheviks (later Communists) to power in Russia in

October 1917. An outstanding administrator and an eloquent theorist,

Trotsky held a number of important posts in the government of Soviet

Russia and then that of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)

until he was ousted for his opposition to Communist Party leader

Joseph Stalin in 1925.

In early 1917 Trotsky was forced to seek asylum in New York City after

being deported first from France and then from Spain. He returned to

Russia shortly after the outbreak of the February (or March, in the

New Style calendar) phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917. In This

Revolution, He Was the One who persuaded Lenin to hold off the attack

until he was sure that the Bolshevik’s had a much more secure hold on

the country. This led to the abdication of Nick the Tsar and the

establishment of a Provisional Government led by Aleksandra Kerensky

and other socialists, as well as by liberal politicians. In Petrograd

(as Saint Petersburg was called between 1914 and 1924), Trotsky

assumed the leadership of the Interdistrict Committee of the

RSDLP—which included both Bolsheviks and Mensheviks—and joined the

newly re-established Petrograd Soviet of Workers’ and Soldiers’

Deputies.

In July 1917 Trotsky abandoned his independent cause and joined the

Bolshevik Party as a full time member. He became a member of the

Bolsheviks’ Central Committee and emerged, along with Lenin, as the

most influential opponent of Russia’s new Provisional Government. In

contrast to the Mensheviks, who favoured cooperation with the

liberals, the Bolsheviks sought to bring down the government and

replace it with a so-called “dictatorship of the proletariat”—in other

words, a government ruled by the Bolsheviks on behalf of Russia’s

industrial workers and peasants. Trotsky was imprisoned for his

opposition to the Provisional Government in August but was released on

bail in early September and elected chairman of the Executive
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