preview

Treaty of Versailles Causes World War Two

World War one was a tragic war in which Woodrow Wilson attempted to return peace to Europe. The War was long and tiring but eventually ended with the Treaty of Versailles being signed at the Paris Peace Conference. The Treaty of Versailles contained President Wilson’s fourteen points, one of which was the creation of the League of Nations, which the United States Congress voted against, as to not give power over America to other countries. The treaty placed all the blame for the war on Germany, which led most Germans to be very upset about the treaty. This resentment for the treaty eventually led to the start of World War two when Hitler came to power and defied the treaty. Although if the League of Nations had stepped in earlier, Hitler could have been easily stopped. Many countries were affected by the Treaty of Versailles, but the effectiveness of the Treaty was diminished after the United States Congress voted against President Woodrow Wilson and did not sign the treaty. Had the United States signed the Treaty of Versailles, and in turn participated in the League of Nations, World War two could have been avoided.
On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdenand, of Austria-Hungary, was assassinated by a Serbian group called the Blackhand. Austria-Hungary threatened and declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914. In return Serbia’s ally, Russia, declared war on Austria-Hungary, and Germany declared war on Russia and Serbia. Eventually France and Great Britain joined by declaring war on Austria-Hungary and Germany. With the Allies being Russia, Serbia, France and Great Britain; and the Central Powers being Austria-Hungary, Germany and the Ottoman Empire, although the smaller countries did not play large roles in the war. The United S...

... middle of paper ...

...rnationalized; the Kiel Canal would be opened to all nations (Yellow 2 p.367). Germany would be required to hand Alsace-Lorraine back to France, and would also give Eupen and Malmedy to Belgium (Green 2 p.538). The German port of Memel on the Baltic Sea was lost to the new state of Lithuania, and Northern Schleswig was given to Denmark (Green 2 p.538). The coal-rich Saar Basin was given to the League of Nations until 1935, this was also an economic punishment made to allow French exploitation of the Saar’s coal as compensation for German use and destruction of France’s mines during the war (Green 2 p.538). That was not all, Poland was to be assured access to the Baltic Sea by German surrender of the river port of Posen and part of Prussia, while the German Baltic port of Danzia became an international city under the control of the League of Nations (Green 2 p.538).
Get Access