Treaty Of Versailles Essay

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SOURCE ANALYSIS QUESTIONS Question 1: Using Source Document 1 explain what is meant by the following statements and why they were included in the Treaty of Versailles – (a) “Germany is forbidden to maintain or construct any fortifications either on the left bank of the Rhine …” One of the main proponents of the harsh clauses put into the Treaty of Versailles was the French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau, who was being pressured by the French public to harshly punish Germany for their actions during the war. One of these was a massive scaling down of all German military infrastructure along Germany’s border with France. This made the French people feel more secure, as it reduced the danger of another similar war. (b) “The German military…show more content…
Several clauses in the treaty, in particular Article 231, were responsible for this ill-feeling. Article 231, also known as the “War guilt clause”, placed the entirety of the responsibility for the war on the German government, despite the fact that, in reality, this was not the case. Another key factor in this sentiment was the drastic descaling of the German military. The military was a large part of German culture, as it had been for many years beforehand, and the general public felt that this downsizing of the military was taking away a large part of their…show more content…
The scene in Source 3 depicts an angel snuffing out a candle, marked “militarism”, using a cone labelled “Allied peace terms”. This can be seen as the flame of the German military being extinguished by the Treaty of Versailles. (b) What does the ‘Angel” represent? The Angel is representative of the allies, in particular US President Woodrow Wilson, British Prime Minister Lloyd George, and French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau. The fact that the allies are represented as “angels” indicates that they were seen as the “good guys”. This is compounded by the fact that the source comes from a British political magazine. (c) What does the candle represent? The candle represents the flame of the German military, which is being snuffed out by the allied peace terms from the Treaty of Versailles. The imagery of the candle, which is marked “militarism”, and being supported by an eagle, a traditional symbol of Germany, both attribute to this idea. (d) What is the political message of the
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