About a month after being infected, a person develops a viral infection. The viral infection is similar to the flu and causes fever, fatigue, weight loss, and swollen glands. These symptoms usually subside, and a person may not develop AIDS for up to 10 years after being infected with HIV. During this time, the HIV virus continues to multiple and destroys cells of the immune system. A person is diagnosed with AIDS when the immune system is so deteriorated by HIV that it can no longer fight off certain infections and diseases known as "opportunistic infections."
The cause, HIV, is an STD. Human immunodeficiency virus attacks the T-cells, part of the immune system, and uses it to duplicate itself and spread. When the number of immune cells in one cubic milliliter of blood is less than 200, the infection is referred to as AIDS. The amount of time it takes for the cell count to fall so low varies from person to person, sometimes because of certain drugs or because the immune system is naturally less resistant to the disease (“Learn about HIV/AIDS.”). AIDS can cause a lot of different complications in the body.
During this time, the person can give the virus to another even though it cannot be detected by sight or smell. Usually, symptoms start developing within 1 to 2 years. Typical indications of the virus are fever, weariness, weight loss, skin rashes, a fungal mouth infection called thrush, lack of immunity to infection, and enlarged lymph nodes. When AIDS overtakes the body, the body becomes especially susceptible to tuberculosis, pneumonia, and a rare form of cancer called Kaposi¹s Sarcoma. Once AIDS has fully taken hold, the body may suffer damage to the nerves and brain.
Aids can be transmitted through several ways by blood, through intimate sexual contact, from infected mothers to there babies in there uterus, and even through infected mother’s milk. A major way of getting the disease was through blood transfusion that was before they had a test for screening blood. Another major way of getting it is through blood contaminated needles by intravenous drug abusers. Blood donors and casual contact is definitely not a way you can catch the disease. It could take up to ten years for symptoms to develop because it usually stays dormant.
This virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body open a lot of illnesses and cancers. Aids are transmitted through sexual contact, through blood, or from mother to the child. It is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, touching doorknobs, or toilet seats by a person infected with the HIV Virus. It is also not transmitted to a person who donates blood, but it can be transmitted to the person receiving blood or organs from an infected donor. The people that are at risk the most are homosexual men, who are having unprotected sex, drug users who share the same needle, sexual partners who participate in high risk activities, and infants born to the mother who is infected with the HIV Virus.
Most people are not even aware that they are infected with the HIV virus for long periods of time, sometimes even years. The symptoms of HIV often start with flu-like symptoms such as swollen glands, fever, sore throat, rash, fatigue, muscle and joint pain, and headaches. This is called “acute retroviral syndrome;” it is the body’s natural reaction to contracting the HIV virus. The symptoms can last from days to weeks. Many people who are infected with HIV do not even show signs for 10 years or more.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is also known as HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacks and weakens the immune system by causing important cells that fight disease and infection to vanish. HIV is most like other viruses, the flu or the common cold, except there is a difference. As time passes, the immune system can clear out most infections out of the body. The situation with HIV is the human immune system can't seem to dispose the infection.
As the CD4+ levels in an AIDS patient decrease, side affects including fevers, night sweats, diarrhea or swollen lymph nodes increase. Some frequently asked questions Q: What's the difference between AIDS and HIV? A: AIDS is caused by the virus called the Human Immunodefiency Virus or HIV. HIV is a retrovirus. Initially when your body is infected with the virus, it takes time for it to take its toll on the immune system.
In healthy individuals, the CD4 count normally ranges from 450 to 1200. In some people, the T-cell decline and opportunistic infections that signal AIDS develop soon after infection with HIV. Most people remain asymptomatic for 10 to 12 years, and a few for much longer. As with most diseases, early medical care can help prolong a p... ... middle of paper ... ...have become highly resistant to current drugs, and as many as 10% of newly infected Americans are acquiring drug-resistant strains of the virus. Because treatment regimens are unpleasant and complex, many patients miss doses of their medication.
It does not transmit through sweat and saliva as the virus does not survive outside the body (“Frequently Asked Questions”). Being diagnosed with HIV does not mean that you will also be diagnosed with AIDS (Frequently Asked Questions). In many cases it takes several years before the HIV virus weakens the immune system to the point you would develop AIDS. As HIV weakens your immune system, it makes you more sensitive to all illnesses, including Tuberculosis and Salmonellosis (“Complications”). HIV sometimes causes infertility, meaning you are not able to get pregnant/have a baby.