Treatment of Colon Cancer

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It is widely known that cancer is lethal; but colon cancer ranks high among the types of cancers that take away the lives of a plethora of people every year. Colon cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the colon and at times, rectum, of the long intestine. In a report published by The American Cancer Society, colon cancer is said to be “the third leading cause of cancer death” and “the third most commonly diagnosed cancer” (Alteri et al. 1). Colon Cancer Alliance ranks it as “the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the US” (“Colon Cancer Statistics”). Since the symptoms of colon cancer resemble symptoms of “other health problems,” colon cancer is not easily diagnosed without any physical testing (“What You Need”). Nevertheless, since “90% of new cases occur on people 50 or older,” testings, such as colonoscopy, can significantly reduce the chances of an individual having colon cancer (“Colon Cancer Statistics”). Most causes of colon cancer are age or dietary related, but genetics play an important role in causing colon cancer. Although further research into preventive method is still needed, existing treatments and ongoing researches hold great promises for the future.

Colon is a part of the long intestine, which is in turn, part of the digestive system. On the other hand, cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth due to various reasons such as the malfunctioning of the tumor suppressor genes or mutation in the proto-oncogenes. When cells grow uncontrollably, they “can form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor” (“What You Need”). When a tumor occurs in the colon, it might be colon cancer; however that is not always the case, as some tumors are benign and others are malignant, or cancerous. The maligna...

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