Treatment of Autism in Adolescents

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Temple Grandin, a doctor in the field of animal sciences who suffers from Autism, once said, “People are always looking for that single magic bullet that will totally change everything. There is no single magic bullet.” Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. The Autism Spectrum can be split into many subtypes, including Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, Asperger’s Syndrome, and Pervasive Development Disorder- Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Starting from an age as young as infancy, symptoms of Autism may be conveyed. Repetitive behavior, any loss of speech or social skills, and attachment to parents are three of the many symptoms expressed by children with Autism (“What is Autism?”). In order to improve theses symptoms, many types of treatments have been established. First are the Behavior and Communication Approaches, which include Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA), the Early Start Denver Model (ESDM), and different sorts of therapy. Other treatments include dietary approaches, medication, and Complimentary and Alternative treatments. Based on the developed treatments, the early intervention Behavior and Communication Approaches exhibit the most benefits to children diagnosed with autism. The Behavior and Communication approaches are based on structure, organization, direction, and family participation. Applied Behavior Analysis is “the science of learning and human behavior” (Atwood 35). ABA uses step-by-step progression to break down skills as well as using reinforcement and extinction. Reinforcement is the act of rewarding good behavior, while extinction is taking away these rewards. There are different forms of Applied Behavior Analysis, two of which are Disc... ... middle of paper ... ...013. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. "How Is Autism Treated?" Autism Speaks. Autism Speaks, n.d. Web. 10 Dec. 2013. King, Lorna J. "Sensory Integration Therapy | Autism Research Institute." Sensory Integration Therapy | Autism Research Institute. Autism Research Institute, 9 June 1996. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. Landau, Elaine. "Treatment." Autism. New York: Franklin Watts, 2001. 50-53. Print. "A Parent's Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder." NIMH RSS. N.p., 2011. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. "Treatment." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 20 Dec. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2014. "What Is Autism?" Autism Speaks. N.p., 2013. Web. 22 Jan. 2014. Woo, Cynthia C., and Michael Leon. "Environmental Enrichment as an Effective Treatment for Autism: A Randomized Controlled Trial." Behavioral Neuroscience 127.4 (2013): 487-97. Aug. 2013. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.
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