What is a Phobia? A phobia is an overwhelming and debilitating fear of an object, place, situation, feeling or animal. Phobias are more pronounced than fears. They develop when a person has an exaggerated or unrealistic sense of danger about a situation or object. If a phobia becomes very severe, people may organise their life around avoiding the thing that’s causing them anxiety. As well as restricting their day-to-day life, it can also cause a lot of stress. Is a phobia a anxiety disorder?
Possible Techniques for Treating Dental Anxiety/ Dental Phobia The management / treatment of anxious and phobic patients can depend on the severity of the condition. The medical history of the patient also influences the treatments that are available to them (Robert Ireland 2010) Managing a patient’s Dental Anxiety and Dental Phobia can be considered under two headings 1. Non-pharmacological • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) - non-invasive psychological intervention therapy such as positive
however; there is a huge difference between a fear and a social phobia or anxiety disorder. The difference and important distinction psychoanalysts make between a fear and a phobia is “a true phobia must be inconsistent with the conscious learning experience of the individual” (Karon 1). Patients with true phobias “do not respond to cognitive therapy but do respond well to psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic therapy” (Karon 2). Social phobia is a serious anxiety disorder that should not be taken lightly
Social phobia can be limited to one situation (such as talking to people, eating or drinking, or writing on a blackboard in front of others) or may be so broad(such as in generalized social anxiety) that the person experiences anxiety around almost anyone other than the family. First, talk to your doctor about your symptoms. Your doctor should do an exam to make sure that another physical problem isn't causing the symptoms. The doctor may refer you to a mental health specialist. Social phobia is generally
Marks created the idea of the name Social Phobia in the 1960’s. After he created the word, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) accepted the word and then officially included the word in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders for the first time (2). More attention and research came about the disorder by a psychiatrist Michael Leibowitz and a clinical psychologist Richard Heimberg. (2). “The DSM-IV gave Social Phobia the alternative name social anxiety disorder
specific phobias are the most prevalent form of psychiatric disorders that are defined by fear. However, a wide variety of interventions and treatments are available for specific phobias (Jongh, Oord, & Broeke, 2002). What Is a Specific Phobia? According to Kerig, Ludlow, and Wenar (2012), a specific phobia is a persistent, excessive, or unreasonable fear that is caused by a specific object or situation. Some examples of common phobias include fear of water, fear of flying and even school phobia (Kerig
are over hundreds of phobias that deal with different things that consist of words, feelings, and animals. There have been close to 530 different phobias named. A phobia is when there is an extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something. There are seventeen named phobias just for insects, that does not include Animalia. There are plenty of things in the world that people fear, but people fear the things that they cannot describe. There are many different types of phobias that pertain to insects
Introduction The term phobia is often related to “ When you genuinely fear something for no rational reason”  There are three types of phobias; specific, social and agoraphobia. To develop a fear which is irrational allows room to explain reasons to develop a phobia. Classical conditioning and observation are two methods of developing phobias. Instructional fear acquisition allows us to work out if things are scary; as humans we may even evolve to fear certain things after some time. The brain
Hesselman coined the term “selective mutism” in 1983 to describe the disorder previously called “aphasia voluntaria, elective mutism, speech phobia, psychological mutism, and hearing mute” among fourteen other historic terms (Dow, Freeman, Garcia, Leonard, & Miller, 2004; Kearney, 2010). The American Psychiatric Association, or APA, characterizes selective mutism by a “persistent failure to speak in specific social situations where speech is expected, despite speaking in other situations.” Selective
falling in love, but this is what occurs when someone who has a phobia encounters it. It is important to know, what a phobia is, the effects it has on a person, what are the causes, the types of phobias, and the treatments that can be used to overcome a phobia.