After conception comes the process of fertilization, which is the process in which sperm cells must be present in the woman's reproductive tract at the time the egg enters the fallopian tube. This can happen in several ways. If the woman has intercourse with a man during the week preceding ovulation, then he may deposit semen (a fluid containing sperm cells) into the woman's vagina. Some of the sperm can make their way through the cervix (the opening of the uterus, located at the end of the vagina), into the uterus, and on up into the fallopian tubes. There, one of them may meet with the egg as it travels down one of the tubes toward the uterus.
The technique of in vitro fertilization or IVF removes several eggs from the ovaries for fertilization in the laboratory. After a few days, one or two of these fertilized eggs which are now known as embryos are returned to the uterus in the hope that they implant and become a pregnancy. Women undergoing IVF are given special reproductive hormones to encourage several eggs to develop in the ovaries. Final maturation of the egg itself is induced by the administration of a further hormone. Thirty-six hours later, the fluid containing the eggs are drawn from the ovary with a needle; this is usually performed under light sedation in a short, outpatient procedure with the doctor using ultra-sound to check proceedings.
This process involves the placement of embryos into the women’s uterus. The doctor inserts a catheter (a thin tube) containing the women’s embry... ... middle of paper ... ...or them. If IVF in not successful, there are many alternatives to IVF, such as adoption, which is an ideal way to start a family and to also give the child the opportunity to grow up in an a caring environment. If the couple is desperate need to produce a child of their own, alternatives may include; Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT), GIFT is very similar to IVF however, unlike IFV, fertilisation is not attempted in the laboratory. Instead, the combined material is injected into the fallopian tubes where fertilisation will occur.
In the ordinary process, the man's sperm enters into the woman's uterus upon completion of the sex act, and a sperm then fertilizes an egg within the uterus, if the woman happens to be in the right phase of her menstrual cycle. With in vitro fertilization, on the other hand, the fertilization process happens within laboratory equipment, outside of the woman, after both the woman and the man have contributed reproductive cells to the doctors. This is why an infant who is produced in this way is colloquially sometimes referred to as a "test-tube baby:" the moment of conception occurs not within the uterus of the mother but rather within the relevant laboratory tools. In vitro fertilization, while it can in fact successfully produce an embryo, has several risks that the woman should perhaps consider before following through with the process. This has to do both with the side effects of the fertility medications prescribed to the woman as well as the somewhat invasive nature of first retrieving eggs from the woman and then reinserting an embryo into the woman.
In Vitro Fertilization and Infertility “In Vitro Fertilization or artificial fertilization is the fertilization of an ovum by sperm outside the body when normal conception is not achievement because of a woman’s low fertility” (http://www.medterhttp://history1900s.about.com/od/medicaladvancesissues/a/testtubebaby.htmms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=7298). In virto is a Latin word that means, in the glass. This is very meaningful because, the laboratory dish used to create the offspring is glass. In Virto Fertilization and Infertility are going to be discussed throughout this paper. The process for in vitro fertilization involves stimulating multiple follicles and eggs to develop over time.
The fertilized egg is then transferred into the uterus to continue growth. Tens of thousands of healthy children born into this world are the results of IVF. Nevertheless, it is important for anyone considering IVF to fully understand the process as well as its limitations. There are six major steps in the in vitro fertilization process: monitoring the development of ripening eggs in a woman’s ovaries, collecting the eggs, collecting the sperm, incubation of the egg and sperm in a laboratory, transferring the embryo to the uterus, and waiting for pregnancy or menstruation. When a couple is unable to conceive, another woman must donate her eggs to the couple in order for IVF to succeed.
In vitro fertilisation Infertility, the inability to become pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse, remains a problem that is faced by many people. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is one of the several assisted reproductive technologies (ART) used to help infertile couples to take in a child. IVF is a process of fertilising eggs with sperm outside of the human body. Once the eggs are fertilised, the resulting embryos are placed in the woman’s uterus in the hope that a successful pregnancy will follow. IVF is the most effective for of ART.
These technologies are called “Reproduction Assistant Technologies” (ART). Right now, there are many reproductive technologies that help us to reproduce, including artificial insemination, eternal fertilization, genetically engineering on genes of a baby and in vitro fertilization, etc. Of these examples, the most common used is in vitro fertilization, it helps millions of people who have a certain degree of sexual inability to reproduce and have a children. The part “in vitro” in the word “in vitro fertilization” means “in glass”. That is why another name for offspring produced through in vitro fertilization is “test tube babies” because the embryo of this offspring is artificially grown outside the mother’s womb in a Petri Dish.
In vitro fertilization or fertilisation is a process by which an egg is fertilised by sperm outside the body: in vitro . The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman 's ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova from the woman 's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilised egg is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman 's uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. IVF techniques can be used in different types of situations. It is a technique of assisted reproductive technology for treatment of infertility.
Saviour Siblings are produced using In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF) and are screened using Pre- Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD). IVF is a process used to create a child from outside of the body. IVF is a treatment permitted to create embryos; this is done by mixing together the sperm and eggs (fertility drugs are taken to produce several eggs) in a petri dish intended to produce multiple embryos with each being genetically different. The best quality embryos are then chosen and implanted in the woman’s uterus. PGD is a screening of the embryos to prevent any inherited disorders.