For awhile Cuba was able to turn to the Soviet Union for some financial support, but when the Soviet Union fell in December of 1991, Cuba lost all the support they were getting. The Cuban embargo was intended to harm the government, but instead its citizens are denied access to technology, medicine, affordable food, and other goods that could be available to them if the embargo was lifted (procon.org). Dr. Mercedes Arce Rodríguez in her report, “The Human Cost: Cubans and Cuban Americans talk about their lives and the U.S. embargo”, shares the story of Dolores Vasconcelos and her son Brian. Brian was born with medical problems which Dolores didn 't know the full extent of immediately, She understood that her son needed medicine but, that medicine was created in labs in the United States making it unreliable. Dolores later found out that her son suffered from seizures, and he needed the medicine to prevent them from occurring.
A poll in the Miami Herald indicated that this bill had the support of over 60% of the Cuban-American community. This measure, however, is inadequate because it still prohibits US financing of these sales, public or private. That provision makes the new legislation basically null. The US government should fully drop legislation against the sale of food and medicine to Cuba. The US should in regards to these two items allow and endorse trade with Cuba as it does with other countries.
Capitalist leaders, like the United States wanted to make sure that socialist countries trying to establish a communist system, such as Cuba would fail because the goal of communists is to develop a system free from private ownership, which is not in the best interests of the countries who are wealthy due to private ownership i.e. the United States of America. Under The Kennedy administration, America attempted to dethrone Castro from power in Cuba many times, including the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. While these attempts to get rid of Castro failed, in 1962 American President John F. Kennedy signed the Cuban Embargo to stop all imports, exports, and diplomatic relations between the United States and Cuba. The signing of this embargo was basically the beginning of the end for diplomatic relations between the United States of... ... middle of paper ... ...the sanctions which have suffocated the Cuban economy in the past four decades.
The embargo is creating a hatred for America among the Cuban population. Fidel Castro has even managed to get the citizens of Cuba to favor him while making the United States seem like they completely caused their economic depression. This means that he has not been taking responsibility for his failing country. Not only are Cubans becoming anti-embargo, but also countries such as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Even Florida and other states in the US are not agreeing with these sanctions placed on Cuba.
President Clinton, like each of his predecessors, supports the trade embargo. Two recent pieces of legislation have tightened the economic restrictions on Cuba. (Close Up Foundation) The Cuban Democracy Act, passed by Congress in 1992, further isolates Cuba from the world economy by prohibiting any foreign-based subsidiaries of U.S. companies from trading with the country. The bill’s goal was to cripple the Cuban economy in order to bring down Castro “within weeks,” according to the bill’s primary advocate Robert Torricelli (D-N.J.). The Helms-Burton Act states that American citizens can sue foreign investors who utilize American property seized by the Cu... ... middle of paper ... ...ll.
Lift the Cuban Embargo In 1959, revolutionaries nationalized Cuba’s wealth and did not compensate U.S. companies for our efforts to fight against the rebels. They did, however, repay corporations from nations that did not fight. Because of this seizure of our property, the Cuban embargo was put into action. In fact, Cuba is the only country in the western hemisphere which the U.S. government has persistently and actively used a full economic embargo as a dominant policy tool in an attempt to compel a democratic transformation. The trade embargo, issued by President John F. Kennedy in 1962, was created in response to Fidel Castro’s expropriation of American assets and his decision to export Marxist-Leninist revolutions to Third World countries.
Many things have changed since those time, we no longer see Cuba as the doors to hell, those doors have been rotating among other military strong men, this time in the Middle East. Fidel Castro is no longer the target of any American assassination plans, the United States no longer deals in the assignation of political leaders, now we have allies who are more able and discrete in doing that type of work. The only ancient legacy that remains in our foreign policy towards Cuba is a political and economic embargo implemented at the beginning of the Cold War in an attempt to crush a third world country. At the time of the embargo its supporters assured the country that Cuba would not survive a year without political or economic aid from the Western World. Three decades later Cuba is still led by Castro and our policy has not changed, maybe it is time to rethink this policy Once the embargo took effect, Cuba and Fidel Castro had no choice but to turn to the Soviet Union and Communism for salvation, both economically and politically.
In 1952 when he saw that the elections were not going in his favor he dissolved the government and declared himself the leader of Cuba once more (citation required). He was able to do these in large part thanks to his close ties to US businesses. As one can imagine, the citizenry was not pleased with his actions. After Bautista came to power once more in 1952 many people in Cuba were disgusted by Bautista’s actions and preferred Cuba’s democracy, as flawed as it was. (Citation).
It would benefit both countries to lift the sanctions in terms of trade, immigration and development. The sanctions have so far proven unsuccessful, and are just hindering the Cuban economy. Despite all of these points, it seems doubtful that the doors to Cuba shall be unlocked, and that the poverty and suffering could continue forever until we get another FDR-like president who has enough sense to change something. Word count: 2002
After only being president for a couple of days, Kennedy was informed about Eisenhower’s secret plan for the CIA to train Cuban exiles for the invasion and overthrow of Castro. Kennedy was skeptical of the plan but still approved it. On April 18, 1961, the attempted invasion took place on the south cast of Cuba and as Kennedy expected the invasion failed horribly. The CIA underestimated the amount of troops and the extent of weaponry in Cuba. Kennedy accepted the responsibility for the loss still disappointed stating The United Stated “ look like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies and incompetents to the rest”.