Transnistria Case Study

981 Words4 Pages
Located between the Moldovan-Ukrainian border and the River Dniester, the territory of Transnistria covers approximately 4160 km2 where over half million people live (Blakkisrud and Kolstø, 2013). In 1992, the civil conflict broke out in Transnistria (Cantir and Kennedy, 2015). When the former 14th Soviet Army interfered with the insurgent side, the Moldovans had to withdraw (Blackkisrud and Kolstø, 2013). It was thanks to Moscow that the attacks and fighting between Moldova and Transnistria were ended in July 1992 (Chamberlain-Creanga and Allin, 2010). Russia´s economic interest in Transnistria resulted in foreign direct investment from Kremlin and Russia also provided a huge financial aid to them. This was also the case of Moscow´s humanitarian…show more content…
Transnistria is still dependent on Russia both for the improvement of education as well as for the flow of new textbooks. However, concerning the medical infrastructure, this de facto state has to count on the help of others, but predominantly the aid of Russia is of key importance for them (Blakkisrud and Kolstø, 2013). The purchase of companies in Transnistria by Russia is seen as an investment from the economic and geopolitical point of view. The most effective and advantageous of all the factories owned by Russia in Transnistria is the Moldovan Steel Plant (Chamberlain-Creanga and Allin, 2010). Russia is also the main market for Transnistrian exports (Blakkisrud and Kolstø, 2013). The position of Russia in Transnistria enables the de facto state to run smoothly (Cantir and Kennedy,…show more content…
In 2012, the total population of Luhansk comprised approximately 426,000 people. The majority of city´s industrial companies have established connections with the Donbas coal and steel complex (Gentile, 2015). Generally, almost everyone in Ukraine is able to fluently speak and understand Russian, however, a vast number of people are not able to speak Ukrainian. They have an even problem to understand the language (Himka, 2015). In addition, the eastern part of Ukraine is largely urbanized and for this reason, the region more easily assimilated to use of Russian language (Himka, 2015). From the past, it is known that in the 1990s, approximately one-third of the population of Donetsk proclaimed not to support the addition of the Donbas to Ukraine (Shulman, 1998 as quoted in Gentile, 2015). Especially the Russian minority, people from the east, the retired and the poorest tend to be more pro-Russian oriented. They are even willing to follow stronger bonds with Russia (Kubicek, 2000 as quoted in Gentile, 2015). In one of his speeches, Putin mentioned the gone areas of “Novorossiya” including areas of Donbas and Luhansk, that were ceded to the Ukrainian SSR by the Soviet administration in the 1920s (Allison, 2014). This political situation resulted

    More about Transnistria Case Study

      Open Document